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Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2016 Ethiopia: Joint Action Plan implementation in eight water insecure woredas in Afar regional state

Author: Tesfa Aklilu

Executive summary

With the aim to continuously improve transparency and use of evaluation, UNICEF Evaluation Office manages the "Global Evaluation Reports Oversight System (GEROS)". Within this system, an external independent company reviews and rates all evaluation reports. The quality rating scale for evaluation reports is as follows: “Highly Satisfactory”, “Satisfactory”, “Fair” or “Unsatisfactory”. You will find the link to the quality rating below, labelled as ‘Part 2’ of the report, and the executive feedback summary labelled as 'Part 3'.


The Joint Action Plan (JAP) was initiated by Afar Water Resources Development Bureau to coordinate all water supply intervention which should be accomplished by all partners in order to reduce water insecure woredas through reduction of water trucking requests by 80% from July 2013- December 2015. Accordingly, the JAP was targeting 8 vulnerable woredas with their 24 kebeles to create access of feasible water supply schemes by application of practical strategies and approaches. Development of ground and surface water sources, strengthen mobile maintenance team, capacity building supports for WASHCos and inventory/vulnerability assessment are among the practical strategies, consequently, evaluation of JAP has been conducted from September 26, 2015 to November 13, 2015. It focuses on what have been accomplished so far, best practices and lessons and encountered challenges in the course of JAP so as to prepare the next phase two year plan.


General Objective: To evaluate WASH Joint Action Plan (JAP) in Afar regional state which was planned to be accomplished from July 2013 to December 2015 by focusing on what have been accomplished so far, learnt lessons and encountered challenges in order to prepare next phase plan from January 2016 to Dec. 2017

Specific objective:

  1. To assess water supply JAP implementation effectiveness based on the comparison of baseline JAP plan and accomplished activities from July 2013 to December 2015.
  2. To ensure the presence of reduction of water trucking request because of sustainable and constructed sustainable water schemes.
  3. To use the finding of JAP evaluation for evidence based decision making and JAP II planning.


The evaluation has been carried out using different methods of data collection such as desk reviews of different documents, informant interview, focus group discussions, compiling cases and on spot observation. Observational checklists and interview/discussion guides have been used. Those collected quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed suing data analyzing methods like excel spreadsheet for and thematic analysis respectively.

Findings and Conclusions:

This JAP evaluation indicates that the JAP is relevance to the principles of One WASH Program, responding the demand and felt needs of the community. The plan itself is comprehensive document that depicted the situations clearly, the goal, the strategies, and the target areas. In spite of these, the document lakes detailed operational plan, monitoring and evaluation plan and responsibility matrix. The outcome, reduction of water trucking demand by 80% in the JAP period have not achieved fully that is 42% of target kebeles reduced water trucking request in all seasons whereas 25% of the target kebele reduced water trucking request in the wet seasons and the other 33% target kebeles still have been served by water trucking. Specifically the target area such as Teru and Yalow are reduced water trucking by 100%. Taking performance indicators as means of achievement new constructions, rehabilitation and maintenance have been achieved successfully except shallow well constructions.

Therefore, in the course of JAP implementation, weakness for targeting kebeles, monitoring and reviewing of JAP in scheduled manner and currently facing droughts were observed as major challenges beside familiar challenges of WASH sectors. All the cases shows that JAP has bright future for the elimination of worst and least water supply alternative – Water Trucking.


  1. Mainstreaming JAP in the general WASH program:
  2. Preparation of contractor profiles and recordings: discourage contractors based on their performances.
  3. Establishing Matching funds for sustainable and mini grand projects: Mapping available skills and resources: adoptions and innovation of WASH program focus skills and building pooled regional skills should be considered; for
    instance working with Universities, Private companies and/ other ministries for new technology (different pump installation, maintenances skills, solar panel installation, electro-mechanical system maintenance & operations ….)
  4. Conduct WASH Inventory using local resources and developmental partners
  5. Prepare regional WASH guideline regarding to integration of Water supply services (water supply for human consumption and water supply for livestock)
  6. Use renewable energy for Water supply power generation like solar power
  7. Link completed water supply projects through designing effective phase out strategies:
  8. Re-established and strengthen WWT at Woreda level and activate the capacity of WASHCOs at each water supply scheme:
  9. Facilitate and shorten the delay of “feedback from FMOW”, OWNPs and Sula-Manda water supply project by negotiation with concerned bodies
  10. Use centralized resources for hydrogeological mapping, gap assessment findings, WASH inventory results, and IEC/BCC materials in order to reduce duplicate resources.
  11. Relay on sustainable approach that withstands frequent occurring droughts!
  12. Increase Community Participation and sense of ownership:
  13. Water Trucking guidelines: it is the worst and unimproved water supply options for permanent residences; however, if there is no any other options during man-made and natural disasters, water trucking transportation, sources of water,
    tanker specification should be aligned or framed with the requirements of national food and drug administration proclamation.

Full report in PDF

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Report information






UNICEF, Ministry of Water and Energy and Afar regional water resources bureau


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