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Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2015 Namibia: Impact Evaluation of the Namibia Football Association’s Galz & Goals Sports for Development S4D programme

Executive summary

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Adolescent girls in Namibia face several inter-related challenges. These include high HIV and AIDS prevalence rates; high levels of teenage pregnancies; high levels of gender based violence as well as drug and alcohol abuse.

Sports for Development (S4D) is one of the interventions that offers a unique opportunity to engage adolescents and young people in addressing risky behaviours. It is against this backdrop that the Namibia Football Association’s (NFA) Galz and Goals S4D programme was established to address the issue of vulnerability among adolescent girls and provide life skills education to empower and equip them with life skills for making healthy lifestyle choices. 

The Galz and Goals S4D programme is the first national S4D programme of its kind, aimed at increasing the empowerment of adolescent girls aged 10 to 18 years through participation in football leagues and the promotion of healthy lifestyles under the motto “Young Girls Changing Lives”. 
The Gals and Goals S4D programme uses Sport2Life Tool to foster the development of skills necessary for young people to make healthy lifestyle choices. Sport2Life integrates the healthy life style components into sports context helping players to develop the skills to make consistent, long term choices. The Galz and Goals coaches are therefore trained in Sport2Life enabling them to foster high impact attributes including self-awareness, positive self and group identity, situational awareness, alternative thinking, future focus, discipline, social confidence and pro-social connections in all players participating in the S4D programme. To date, the programme is implemented in 10 communities from 8 regions reaching more than 3,000 adolescent girls with healthy lifestyle messages and seven of the S4D programme graduates are now participating in the national women’s football team.


The intended results for the Galz and Goals programme are to develop adolescent girls by making football and information on issues affecting young girls across the country more accessible, through providing girls with skills and experience to make informed life choices both on and off the field of play and  developing strong, healthy, self-confident young women who are skilled football players and active community citizens through participation in football and life skills activities. 

The purpose of this impact evaluation was to assess how the implementation of the Gals and Goals S4D programme has led to positive outcomes for the participating adolescent girls and their families, and the role of the Sport2Life tool in fostering the development of life skills. The evaluation intends to focus on programmatic results and short term impacts generated by the S4D programme.  

The specific objectives of the evaluation were to:

  • Assess the extent to which the S4D programme increased access to football for adolescent girls;
  • Assess the S4D programme’s contribution towards integration of HIV&AIDS education, life skills and        healthy lifestyle components into the football framework as a sport using the Sport2Life tool and;
  • Identify and document best practices and lessons learnt on programmatic outputs and processes with the aim to support the sustainability of the programme and institutionalization within Government.


The methodology for the evaluation included a literature review and field work. Field work was carried out in the following four regions, !Karas, Khomas, Eenhana and Rundu. A Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Behaviour Survey was also administered on girls in the programme and girls who were not participating in the programme to determine the effectiveness of the HIV and AIDS education component of the programme.

Findings and Conclusions:

Overall, the programme made a huge difference on the lives of the girls. The following specific accomplishments were achieved;

  • Making football more accessible to girls and becoming the major source of new players to the Namibian Women’s football league;
  • Made an impact on the individual lives of girls playing football and empowered them by increasing their self-efficacy, self-confidence, self-esteem and self-worth;
  • Improved school performance among girls in the programme;
  • Few if any pregnancies recorded among girls in the programme.
  • Effective in developing leadership skills among the girls without any leadership programme being introduced into the programme.

However, the following shortcoming were identified;

  • There is no insignificant differences between girls in the programme and girls who are not in terms of their knowledge, attitude, practice and behaviour on HIV and AIDS;
  • The programme is reaching out to too few adolescent girls 1.1 per cent of the total adolescents in the country. Impact is therefore being achieved at individual level;
  • The programme faces implementation challenges that mostly centre on inadequate monitoring and communication by NFA and high turnover of coaches, which necessitates more regular training.

The evaluation will inform the expansion and sustainability of the Galz and Goals S4D programme and the development of the strategic plan for the programme for the next 5 years.  Furthermore, the results of the evaluation will inform the development of an institutionalised school based S4D programme, the school sports policy review by Ministry of Sport, Youth & National Service, and the revival of physical education curriculum in schools by Ministry of Education, Arts & Culture. These two key government Ministries together with the NFA and UNICEF will thus be the key audiences of the findings and recommendations from the evaluation.


The major recommendations made pertain to programme monitoring and improving programme management efficiencies. Other recommendations deals with instituting sustainability measures for the program.


Full report in PDF

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Report information




Youth and Adolescents - Sports and Development


Namibia Football Association


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