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Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2013 India: Evaluation of the WASH Sector Strategy “Community Approaches to Total Sanitation” (CATS)

Executive summary


Community Approaches to Total Sanitation (CATS) is an umbrella term used by UNICE F sanitation practitioners to encompass a wide range of community-based sanitation programming. CATS share the goal of eliminating open defecation; they are rooted in community demand and leadership, focused on behaviour and social change, and committed to local innovation.


The main purposes of the evaluation are

A. To enable evidence-based decision-making: to link attained CATS results back to the inputs, activities, and performance by UNICEF and other stakeholders, and thereby to determine any changes needed to make national partners and UNICEF more effective at CATS programming and to guide decisions about scaling up or not of the strategy;

B. To contribute ta global learning: to make available to the global communities interested in WASH, Education, and other topics the understanding about effective hygiene programming that will emerge, in order that they may alter the programs they support in light of the CATS evidence.

C. To promote accountability: to verify the accuracy of claims made about CATS performance, and to examine the reliability of data used to assess CATS performance, in order to assure internal and external stakeholders of the accuracy of the evidence that is presented and the efficiency of the program they support.


The evaluation will occur in three phases, as follows:

  • Inception phase, during which the methodology to be employed during the evaluation will be developed by the consultant and approved by the steering committee.
  • Execution phase, during which the great majority of new data acquisition occurs and the major analytic work is completed
  • Delivery phase, during which the report is written, reacted to and accepted, and the subsequent utilization and management response moments are completed. The consultants will have a very light role in the utilization and management response actions.

The calendar presented in section 9.0 shows an indicative time line for these phases.

Findings and Conclusions:

Please see section D, page 27 of the report.



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Report information




Water and Environmental Sanitation



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