2013 Liberia: Final evaluation of ECHO-supported “Emergency Muti-sectoral Interventions in four Liberian Counties affected by the influx of Ivorian Refugees” – ECHO II
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The “Multi-sectoral interventions to address the humanitarian and recovery needs of Ivorian refugees and Liberian host community members in the four emergency counties” program supported the continued delivery of humanitarian assistance for Refugees from the Ivory Coast who sought refuge in Liberia following the disputed elections in November 2010. The four counties mentioned include Nimba, Grand Gedeh, River Gee and Maryland counties.
The refugees were welcomed and hosted, adding on to the already tenuous circumstances created from previous immigration flows. This large influx of refugees has placed a significant burden on the scarce resources available. The emergency response had taken into account the needs of both host population and refugees in order to prevent diseases and safeguard the rights of children. More resources was invested in effective coordination amongst various Government Ministries, UN agencies, INGO's and NGOs , which were considered critical in ensuring the effective delivery of assistance to those most in need.
The key areas of response are:
• Food security
• Water, sanitation and hygiene
A summative evaluation of the ECHO-supported “Multi-sectoral interventions to address the humanitarian and recovery needs of Ivorian refugees and Liberian host community members in the four emergency counties” will be conducted in January 2012 and February 2013 as part of ECHO funding requirement. The four counties mentioned include Nimba, Grand Gedeh, River Gee and Maryland counties. An external consultant will be hired to complete this evaluation. The purpose of the evaluation is to assess the effectiveness, impact and relevance of this program and to extract lessons learnt and good practices.
Scope and Sample Size of the Final Evaluation: The Final Evaluation employed both quantitative and qualitative analysis. Although the project was implemented in 134 communities in four counties, namely, Grand Gedeh, Maryland, Nimba and River Gee, a total of 14 communities were selected through systematic sampling (Appendix 4). Prior to the application of the systematic sampling method, the four counties were arranged alphabetically. Partners and districts in each county were arranged alphabetically. Communities under each district were also arranged alphabetically. The number of communities in each county by sector was also identified, and a sample size of 10% was chosen, thereby determining the number of communities to be sampled in each county. An additional WASH community – Marlay was added in order to maintain sector balance. Table 1 shows the sectors, the number of communities in each county and the 10% sample size for each sector and county, while Table 2 shows the communities that were selected through the systematic sampling method. Appendix 4 statistically captures the sample size.
Findings and Conclusions:
Based on the findings from the HH questionnaires and several FGDs, SSI, KII and observations, ADEAS wishes to draw the following conclusions:
Equity was observed throughout the implementation of the project; both the well off and worst-off, disabled and physically fit, girls and boys had equal access to community facilities. Even at CFS, there were specific games set aside for children who could not engage in vigorous sports like football, volley and kickball. All health centers visited were equally accessible by the rich, poor, well-off and worst-off.
Even though the project had several challenges, it catered to the huge humanitarian needs that were created in the communities as a result of the refugee crisis. Ivorian children were not only in the position to go to school, but children from refugee camps were able to score high marks in the Government exams. This indicates that the psychosocial aspect of the project under child protection was well in place, thus enabling the children to be stable and concentrate on their lessons. Additionally, the lives of malnourished children were saved. Residents of 16 communities are having access to safe drinking water, although the pumps are easily accessible by everyone in most of the communities.
Although activities of the project were not implemented in a timely manner due to the bad road condition and the time of the implementation (July – December), people in all of the 15 communities visited were knowledgeable of the project. Structures erected by the project were also visible in the communities. The CFS did not only provide a safe place for children to play, but also impacted the children’s lives in several ways. Children were relieved of stress through playing of game, singing, dancing and other traditional activities. Children were also protected from several child right violations such as child labor, early marriage, verbal abuse, physical abuse, and sexual exploitation.
1. Continue ECD program in the host communities so as to change parents' perception that children have to be eight years or above before starting school
2. Liaise with WFP to provide food for children playing at CFS
3. Continuously sensitized parents on the importance of education for children
4. OTP and SFP for malnourished patients should not be allowed to run out, UNICEF must therefore continue the nutritional component of the project
5. Involve local CBOs in project implementation
6. Ensure that PCA partners consider capacity building of GOL partners
7. Continue collaborating with local structures on child welfare, community leadership, and the legal system that protect children
8. Continue to support Ivorian Refugees who feel at home in host communities
1. Training for health workers to include one or more staff members to ensure continuity in order to make up for transfer and resignation
2. Vocational skills to activities at CFS for children between the ages of 12 -17.
3. Introduce adult literacy to help teenage children who missed out on primary education
Government of Liberia
1. GOL to be more involved in the implementation of projects; to hold NGOs and INGOs accountable by requesting for periodic reports
2. GOL to provide logistics for responsible authorities to enhance mobility so that they are more involved in the monitoring of projects
3. GOL officials to sensitize communities on the role of NGOs; NGOs are in the communities to render humanitarian services and not to rise high expectations
4. Central Government to provide primary schools and train communities with population that exceeds 2000 inhabitants;
5. GOL to train more social workers to be assigned with women and children
6. GOL to take ownership of initiatives that have been started by the partners
7. Ivorian refugees who feel secure in host communities and intend to settle in host communities should be given the opportunity to do so.
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