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Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2007 Kyrgyzstan: No Wolves along the Way: Towards a National ECD Model for Kyrgyzstan – UNICEF’s Pilot Interventions in Batken Raion

Author: McLean, Hugh; Orozova, Rahat

Executive summary


A brief description on how the evaluation came about, why you decided to do this evaluation.  Background may include brief information on programme or project that the assessment is related to.


Need to assess how to scale up in the context of national discussion about the nature and scale of ECD in Kyrgyzstan and in the context of international revisions in basic ECD assumptions.  Need to asses role of UNICEF in the country’s ECD sector.


The research employs a standard qualitative approach, including case studies and focus groups with target communities, and semi-structured interviews with key persons and experts to establish linkages with the wider debates.  4 limitations:  inadequate baseline, data on programme quality is sparse, limited opportunity to dialogue with local stakeholders, and untested model for community-based ECD in Kyrgyzstan (theoretical optimal model).

Findings and Conclusions:

The structural challenges facing scale-up include:  devising a unifying national concept; developing teaching, administrative and institutional capacity; honing and guiding endogenous and exogenous partnerships to support delivery, and achieving effective strategies for sustainable costs.  The evaluation concludes that UNICEF’s programmes are highly relevant to national priorities in ECD and that UNICEF is well-placed to play a key strategic role.  While it is not likely that UNICEF will meet its stated commitment to reach 50% of children in Kyrgyzstan or even in targeted oblasti given the relatively small size of UNICEF’s own investment and still wholly inadequate, although nascent, national response extending ECD coverage.  Setting more achievable interim targets, both for UNICEF’s programme and for leverage through policy and social advocacy, will provide an essential spur to action.


Develop an indigenous model for community-based ECD that is flexible in service delivery and based on community needs.  UNICEF and other donors should promote the idea of municipal kindergartens as a key component of this indigenous model.  Unite all partners under this wide framework on the basis of a commitment to achieve universal coverage for all children; each component should be costed fully and reflect locally-negotiated targets and time frames.

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Report information


Republic of Kyrgyzstan


Early Childhood Development - Multi-thematic



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