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Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2009 Sudan: Improvement of the Health and Livelihood of Rural Communities in Southern Sudan and the Three Transitional Areas – European Commission UNICEF Project

Executive summary


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The first mid-term evaluation being conducted for the EC-UNICEF funded Project on “Improvement of the Health and Livelihood of Rural Communities in Southern Sudan and the Three Transitional Areas through Increased Access to Safe and Sustainable Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Facilities”. The Project was started in March 2007, and is planned to run for three years, ending in February 2010. The Project is primarily about development; its goal is to improve health and quality of life for 853,000 people in 1,380 rural communities in Southern Sudan and in the Three Transitional Areas.


The aim of this evaluation has been to assess how effective the project has been in reaching its targets, to assess quality of execution, examine structures put in place to enhance prospects of sustainability, to identify lessons learned, and to make recommendations on the way forward to inform current and future projects.
Specific Objectives
•To actively and effectively involve target communities in project planning, construction, operation, maintenance, and in the long-term management of their water and sanitation facilities as well as in hygiene promotion.
•To increase access to equitable and safe water supply by 3% in project states.
•To increase access to safe sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion by 1% in the project states.


•A desk analysis and review of project documents and reports.
•Visits to communities in six states – two in the Three Transitional Areas, and four in Southern Sudan.
•Discussions with project partners and stakeholders, including community leaders and community members, trained individuals, school students, and officials at different levels of government - ministry, state, and county.

Findings and Conclusions:

The results showed that the best performance occurred in the planning actions. It was followed by training, social infrastructure, and physical infrastructure.
It was found that the target for access to water supply was likely to be achieved both in the North and in the South. However, neither the North nor the South was in a position to achieve the sanitation target even though it is lower than the target for water.
Nevertheless, the Project has an opportunity to make a difference in sanitation in Sudan. To this end, it has been recommended that groundwork be laid for the pilot projects on CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation) to be expanded into county-wide programs.
On the whole, the Project has been found to be relevant to its development goals, and an important contribution to the Government goals of reconstruction and provision of basic needs in rural areas in Sudan.


That the Three Transitional Areas were on track to complete the Project by February 2010.

That Southern Sudan was on track to complete the Planning activities by February 2010; however, it was not on track to finish the Project activities in the other three categories by February 2010

It was found that certain geo-political and climatic factors served as constraints that adversely affected progress of implementation of the Project in Southern Sudan, and that if those factors had been fully known and taken into account from the beginning, perhaps more time might have been given to the South to complete the Project. Accordingly, it is recommended that an extension be granted to Southern Sudan to enable it to complete the project.

Given that a major constraint is the longer duration of the rainy season in the South, which is approximately twice as long as it in the North, it is further recommended that the extension should be for the duration of two additional dry seasons. This will take the extension to about May/June 2011.

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