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Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2009 Bangladesh: Evaluation of PRECISE: a comprehensive Child Injury Program in Bangladesh

Executive summary


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The Government of Bangladesh (GOB and UNICEF cooperate in promoting children's rights. The overall aim of the current Government-UNICEF Country Program is "the progressive realization of children's and women's rights through improved survival, development, protection, and within the framework provided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against women, the Millennium Development Goals (MGDs), and the Millennium Declaration". The current Country Program covers the five-year period 2006-2010.

Based on the recommendation of an internal audit conducted in early 2009, UNICEF Bangladesh commissioned Universalia to conduct an institutional assessment in October 2009. The assignment was originally intended as a forward-looking exercise that would allow UNICEF Bangladesh to strengthen its capacities to address child rights in its Program of Cooperation. After further reflection on the purpose and scope on the assignment in association with UNICEF Headquarters and its regional office, a new TOR was issued. The assignment became considerably more focused on UNICEF Bangladesh's capacities and performance in leveraging its assets for the benefit of children.


This study examines the extent to which UNICEF Bangladesh is making a difference for children in Bangladesh by leveraging additional resources and results for children in keeping with the overall approach promoted in UNICEF's Medium Term Strategic Plan (MTSP). More specifically, it

  • Examines the external context and implications of the BCO in adopting a leveraging approach
  • Examines the BCO's internal context (history, norms, values, incentives, and so forth)in regard to use of a leveraging approach
  • Analyzes the extent to which the BCO's current program portfolio (i.e. projects and program investments in each sector) encompasses a leveraging approach in its design and implementation
  • Identifies the successes, good practices and lessons learned by the UNICEF BCO in relation to the use of leveraging approaches in each sector
  • Examines the rationale for leveraging approach by BCO in Bangladesh
  • Recommends needed actions, changes, or improvements that can enhance BCO practices related to leveraging in Bangladesh and thus its overall performance in Bangladesh


The assignment was managed by the BCO Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Section (PME). A steering committee composed of the Representative, Deputy Representative, Section Chiefs and the Evaluation Officer provided guidance and feedback on the assessment process and products. Data gathering, analysis and report writing were carried out by Universalia in close consultation with the PME section.

The overall methodology for this assessment is provided in the Appendix IV of the report

Findings and Conclusions:

Our assessment shows that leveraging makes sense in Bangladesh, combined with sustained service
delivery and a strong focus on institutional strengthening. UNICEF BCO‟s has a comparative advantage for
leveraging in Bangladesh, rooted in its credibility, legitimacy and its position in the development
community and with national partners. However, mixed institutional incentives for leveraging and limited
explicit emphasis on leveraging in BCO‟s planning, management and evaluation practices have hindered its
achievements in this respect to date. We believe that the UNICEF BCO should move towards leveraging in
a gradual but sustained, deliberate, and clearly articulated way in combination with a solid field presence
oriented towards demonstration. With some corrective actions, as outlined below, BCO could enhance its
leveraging capacity tremendously.


Recommendation 1: Building on its positive accomplishments to date, the UNICEF BCO should
take steps to clarify, develop, and operationalize its leveraging approach.

Recommendation 2: The UNICEF BCO should invest in developing its internal human resource
capacities to support its leveraging strategy.

Recommendation 3: The UNICEF BCO should further develop its partnerships in alignment with
its leveraging strategy.

Recommendation 4: The UNICEF BCO should ensure that leveraging is adequately reflected in its
next Country Program planning process and guiding documents.

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