We’re building a new UNICEF.org.
As we swap out old for new, pages will be in transition. Thanks for your patience – please keep coming back to see the improvements.

Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2010 Kenya: Support to sustainable Water Management and Governance for the Poor in Drought and Flood-Prone Areas in Kenya

Author: UNICEF Partners: Ministry of Water and Irrigation, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation

Executive summary

“With the aim to continuously improve transparency and use of evaluation, UNICEF Evaluation Office manages the "Global Evaluation Reports Oversight System". Within this system, an external independent company reviews and rates all evaluation reports. Please ensure that you check the quality of this evaluation report, whether it is “Outstanding”, “Good”, “Almost Satisfactory” or “Unsatisfactory” before using it. You will find the link to the quality rating below, labelled as ‘Part 2’ of the report.”


In a bid to improve the management and service delivery of water in Kenya, the Government undertook reforms in the water and sanitation sector. This involved the decentralisation and establishment of institutions with distinct roles and responsibilities. However, most of the institutions lacked the capacity to effectively translate policy objectives to improved service delivery. Thus, the Sustainable Water Management and Governance Programme has been working towards supporting the water and sanitation sector reforms in 10 districts in Arid and Semi Arid Lands (ASALs).


This was a mid-term project evaluation. The purpose of the evaluation was to assess and document the results achieved by the programme and recommend further improvement of water governance in ASAL areas.


• Literature Review,
• Fieldwork involving: (i) focused group discussions with WUAs and WRUAs; (ii) Key resource persons’ interviews; (iii) field ground truthing/validation and photography

Findings and Conclusions:

• Project activities have been carried out as planned in six of the 10 targeted districts where implementation started between two and three years ago. The project supported water and sanitation sector reforms in 10 ASAL districts located in different parts of northern Kenya. These are found in fragile ecosystems characterised by frequent droughts and periodic flooding.
• Financial resources are well managed and utilised as per budgetary stipulations. In addition, qualified and competent human resources were employed and they matched with the functions undertaken.
• The performance was well above the anticipated coverage.
• Though initially unintended or not considered in the project design, the project has established an opportunity linking governance with WASH.
• The reforms were on time and presented an opportunity to strategically link WUAs with WRUAs to reap the benefits of increased knowledge of institutional setup and functions. Increased demand for service has been observed based on the number of funding proposals being presented to WSTF and the development of SCMPs.


• The one-year no-cost extension phase is necessary but short. Therefore UNICEF ought to move with speed to ensure the activities planned for the districts lagging behind are implemented on time, with strict adherence to quality and quantity design specifications.
• The water governance project, which by design was software, should strive to expand the hardware component by taking deliberate action directly linking with WASH Programme.
• WRUAs should be helped build their own database about the catchment areas if they are to be expected to effectively discharge their functions. In addition, it is important for WRMA to establish a monitoring plan and system in order for them to understand and coordinate activities undertaken by WRUAs.

Full report in PDF

PDF files require Acrobat Reader.



Report information

New enhanced search