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Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2019 EO: Review of Progress in the Advancement of Child Rights in Africa: Reflecting on the past and future challenges and opportunities

Executive summary


As the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC) turn 30 years old, the UNICEF Evaluation Office, in partnership with the UNICEF Office to the AU/UNECA, triggered a reflection on the successes and failures in advancing child rights in Africa, as well as the challenges and opportunities that the future holds.


The objectives of the review included the following: i) Reflect on the progress in the advancement of child rights in Africa for the last 30 years; ii) Determine the roles of different actors in the progress identified particularly the strategic positioning for child rights over time; iii) Examine the accountability mechanisms existing at the country levels and cross-border in response to the ACRWC work; and, iv) Reflect on the future challenges that the African continent will face and the ways in which the ACRWC, in this context, can best position itself, including for the ‘Africa’s Agenda for Children 2040’, global Agenda 2030 (SDGs) and the CRC. The review was undertaken using a qualitative participatory approach including a desk review of relevant reports and materials, field visits in 4 countries (Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria and South Africa), interviews with a range of actors in the child rights field and an online survey administered with 52 UNICEF Country Offices in Africa. The review suggests that much progress has been made on health and education in Africa yet there are signs of stagnation, and even reversals in some areas which are undermining those gains. Africa’s children also face emerging global threats and challenges to their survival and well-being, such as urbanization, the impacts of technology, climate- and conflict-related migration, and attacks on civilians. The review identifies a set of priorities to consider to accelerate child rights in Africa.

You will find the following attached, labelled as follows:

  • Full Report - Report
  • Summary Report (Including an annex on COVID-19) - Part 2
  • 4-page Briefing Paper - Part 3

Full report in PDF

PDF files require Acrobat Reader.



Report information

Year: 2019

Country/Office: Evaluation Office

Region: HQ

Type: Evaluation

Theme: Child Rights

Language: English

Sequence #: Evaluation Office/65/2019/16795


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