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Evaluation database

Evaluation report

2019 EO: Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation of the Drought Response in Ethiopia

Executive summary

About the 2019 Ethiopia Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation


This report presents the results of an Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation (IAHE) of the drought response in Ethiopia between 2015 and 2018; primarily the El Niño drought starting in 2015, and the Indian Ocean Dipole drought in 2017. It is an independent assessment of the collective humanitarian response of Inter-Agency Standing Committee member organizations. It focuses on contributions of the international system and does not aim to evaluate the response of the Government of Ethiopia.

Evaluation questions (EQ).

The evaluation sought to answer the following main questions:

  1. Relevance: Do the planning documents reflect the needs and priorities of people affected by the droughts?
  2. Effectiveness: Did the response reach its intended results?
  3. Sustainability: Did the response help build resilience?
  4. Partnerships & Localization: Did the response adequately build partnerships and involve local capacities?
  5. Coordination: Was the response well coordinated?


The evaluation provides country-level as well as global and systemic recommendations. At the country level, the Humanitarian Coordinator leads the development of a formal management response plan, which is monitored on an annual basis. At the global level, the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Principals seek to ensure that global and systemic recommendations are addressed and that follow-up is monitored.


The evaluation used mixed qualitative and quantitative research methods to triangulate results derived from different sources, including aid workers, government officials, donors, and affected people: Key stakeholder interviews, a survey and focus group discussions with affected people, quantitative analysis, document analysis, and an aid worker and donor survey. The evaluation was conducted between December 2018 and October 2019. The evaluation team considered gender issues throughout the evaluation process, and sought to implement the evaluation in a conflict-sensitive way.

Conclusions from Ethiopia: Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation of the 2015-18 drought response

In its well-coordinated efforts, supported by strong government leadership, the collective humanitarian drought response in Ethiopia saved many lives. It found that a majority of respondents received the aid they urgently needed to survive and felt treated with respect. People in four affected regions reported that the assistance provided enabled them to keep their homes and assets. The cluster system introduced in 2015 effectively strengthened the coordination efforts and collective resource mobilization was successful in many aspects. Areas requiring improvement include strengthening of early action, prioritizing resilience support and accountability to affected people. The evaluation identifies lessons to improve future responses to droughts in Ethiopia and similar crises. Its lessons are informing ongoing IASC workstreams on resilience, risk, anticipatory action and humanitarian-development collaboration, while also helping local responders make targeted improvements to the ongoing response.


We invite you to also follow this feed on LinkedIn.  |  For your information, here is the Tweet on Ethiopia IAHE.

The Evaluation Team from Global Public Policy Institute (GPPi) prepared an "Explain-Video" for the IAHE Ethiopia. The video describes what an Evaluation is, presents key findings from the report and concludes with recommendations.


The files included below are labelled as follows:

  1. Final Report - Report
  2. one-page Infographic factsheet - Part 2
  3. an excerpt of the Executive Summary - Part 3

Full report in PDF

PDF files require Acrobat Reader.



Report information

Year: 2019

Country/Office: Evaluation Office

Region: HQ

Type: Inter-agency Evaluation

Theme: Humanitarian Evaluation

Language: English

Sequence #: EO/65/2019/16559

*The report could also be found at the IASC website.

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