Module Seven

Child Rights in Crisis and Risk-prone Situations

This module is designed for development and humanitarian actors in the context of prevention and preparedness for disaster as well as in designing programme interventions and linking long-term development efforts to on-going humanitarian relief and recovery activities. This module:

  1. Defines the obligations of government and development partners to prepare, prevent, mitigate and respond to the impact of adverse events on children, giving particular attention to addressing and reducing the vulnerability of children in situations of natural and man-made disasters;
  2. Explains how to coordinate with humanitarian actors in natural and man-made disasters on needs identification, disaster preparedness and response with the objective of building resilience to promote child rights;
  3. Identifies specific actions to ensure preparedness, emergency response and long-term development efforts contribute to building resilience and promoting child rights.

References and resources

  1. Bailey, Sarah, ‘Early Recovery Approach in Humanitarian Appeals’, Humanitarian Policy Group, Overseas Development Institute, London, 2010.
  2. Cluster Working Group on Early Recovery in cooperation with the UNDG-ECHA Working Group on Transition, ‘Guidance Note on Early Recovery’, Geneva, April 2008.
  3. Collier, Paul, Hoeffler, Anke and Söderbom, Måns, ‘Post-Conflict Risks’, CSAE WPS/2006-12, Centre for the Study of African Economies, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, 2006.
  4. Commission of the European Communities, ‘Children in Emergency and Crisis Situations’, Commission Staff Working Document, Brussels, 5 February 2008. 
  5. Council of Europe, ‘The European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid’, Joint Statement by the Council and the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States meeting within the Council, the European Parliament and the European Commission, Official Journal of the European Union, 30 January 2008.
  6. European Commission, ‘Resilience’, Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection, undated.
  7. European Commission, ‘Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development: An assessment’, Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament, COM(2001) 153, 23 April 2001.
  8. European Commission, ‘An EU Agenda for the Rights of the Child’, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Brussels, 15 February 2011.
  9. European Commission, ‘Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council Establishing a Financial Instrument for Development Cooperation’, COM(2011) 840 final, Brussels, 7 December 2011.
  10. European Union, ‘Update of the EU Guidelines on Children and Armed Conflict’, General Affairs Council, 16 June 2008.
  11. Inter-Agency Standing Committee, ‘Guidance Note on Using the Cluster Approach to Strengthen Humanitarian Response’, IASC, Geneva, 24 November 2006.
  12. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ‘Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change AdaptationSpecial report’, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2012.
  13. Montpellier Panel, The, Growth with Resilience: Opportunities in African agriculture, Agriculture for Impact, London, 2012.
  14. Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict in collaboration with UNICEF, ‘Machel Study 10-Year Strategic Review: Children and conflict in a changing world’, United Nations Children’s Fund, New York, 2009.
  15. O’Neill, William G., ‘A Humanitarian Practitioners Guide to International Human Rights Law’, Occasional Paper 34, Institute for International Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI, 1999.
  16. Ramet, Valerie, ‘Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development: Towards more effective aid’, Policy Briefing, Directorate General for External Policies, European Parliament, July 2012.
  17. Slim, Hugo and Bonwick, Andrew, ‘Protection. An ALNAP guide for humanitarian agencies’, Overseas Development Institute, London, 2005.
  18. UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), ‘Humanitarian Response’. 
  19. UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), ‘Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement’, United Nations, New York, 2001.
  20. United Nations, ‘Strengthening of the Coordination of Humanitarian Emergency Assistance of the United Nations’, General Assembly Resolution A/RES/46/182, 78th plenary meeting, New York, 19 December 1991. 
  21. United Nations Children’s Fund, ‘The Participation of Children and Young People in Emergencies’, UNICEF East Asia and the Pacific, 2007
  22. United Nations Children’s Fund, ‘Programme Guidance Note on Disaster Risk Reduction’, EMOPS/DPP, UNICEF, New York, 2010.
  23. United Nations Children’s Fund, ‘Capacity Development for the Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action: Technical note’, UNICEF, New York, July 2011.
  24. United Nations Children’s Fund, Disaster Risk Reduction Programme Guidance Note, UNICEF, New York, 2011.

Key international instruments to protect child rights in emergency settings 

In addition to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which forms a key pillar of the work of the United Nations, the main international treaty sources include:

  1. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)
  2. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966)
  3. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) 
  4. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1965) 
  5. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979) 
  6. Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984) 
  7. UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)