Module Four

Child Rights in Governance

This module offers guidance on how development partners working in the field of governance can place the promise and obligations of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) at the heart of governance reforms. It also provides tools to mainstream consideration of children into standardized governance assessments and the resultant programming while also supporting child-specific governance programmes. This module:

  1. Explains the key principles by which governance reforms can reinforce child rights;
  2. Describes the methodology by which child rights can be mainstreamed in governance assessments and resultant programming;
  3. Identifies support actions to improve governance systems to deliver results for children.

References and resources

  1. Akua Duncan, Beatrice, Global Perspectives on Consolidated Children’s Rights Statutes, Legislative Reform Initiative – Paper Series, United Nations Children’s Fund, New York, September 2008.
  2. Asian Development Bank Governance Risk Assessment and Risk Management Plans (2001) 
  3. Committee on the Rights of the Child, ‘General Comment No. 2: The role of independent national human rights institutions in the protection and promotion of the rights of the child’, Thirty-second session, 15 November 2002.
  4. Committee on the Rights of the Child, ‘General Comment No. 5: General measures of implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child’, Thirty-fourth session, 27 November 2003.
  5. Committee on the Rights of the Child, ‘General Guidelines Regarding the Form and Content of Periodic Reports to be Submitted by States Parties under Article 44, Paragraph 1(b) of the Convention’, Thirty-ninth session, 3 June 2005.
  6.  DFID Country Governance Analysis: A How to Note (2008)
  7. EC Methodology to Allocate the Governance Incentive Tranche (2006) 
  8. EuropeAid, ‘Budget Support Guidelines September 2012’, Ares(2012)1098547 - 21/09/2012, European Commission, Brussels, 2012.
  9. European Commission, ‘Governance in the European Consensus on Development: Towards a harmonised approach within the European Union’, Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Brussels, 30 August 2006.
  10. Grindle, Melanie, ‘Good Enough Governance: Poverty reduction and reform in developing countries’, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, November 2002.
  11. Gupta, Sanajeev, Davoodi, Hamid and Tiongson, Erwin, ‘Corruption and the Provision of Health Care and Education Services’, IMF Working Paper, International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC, 2000.
  12. Landman, Todd, Bewsher, James and Carvalho, Edzia, ‘Preliminary Survey on Donor Use of Governance Assessments’, United Nations Development Programme and University of Essex, undated.
  13. OECD, ‘Donor Approaches to Governance Assessments, 2009 Sourcebook
  14. Reinikka Ritva and Svensson Jakob, ‘The Power of Information: Evidence from a Newspaper Campaign to Reduce Capture of Public Funds’, World Bank, 2004
  15. Transparency International, ‘Millennium Development Goals are Unreachable Without Commitment to Fighting Corruption’, press release, 13 September 2005.
  16. Transparency International, ‘Corruption in the Education Sector’, Working Paper No. 04/2009, 2009.
  17. Transperency International, Global Corruption Report 2008
  18. United Nations, ‘UN Approach to Justice for Children: Guidance note of the Secretary-General’, New York, September 2008.
  19. United Nations Children’s Fund, ‘Protecting Children from Violence, Exploitation and Abuse’, UNICEF Press Centre, 2010,
  20. Vučković Šahović, Nevena, ‘Enforcing Child Rights in Inefficient National Systems’, presentation at Moral Imperatives to Legal Obligations – In search of Effective Remedies for Child Rights Violations, Geneva, 12–13 November, 2009
  21. World Bank, A Decade of Measuring the Quality of Governance: Governance matters 2006 – Worldwide governance indicators, World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006.


  1. Interagency Panel on Juvenile Justice:
  2. Inter-American Development Bank Governance Indicators Database:
  3. United Nations Children’s Fund Childinfo (monitoring the situation of children and women): 
  4. World Bank Worldwide Governance Indicators: