Module One

Overview of Child Rights in Development Cooperation

This module provides an introduction to the CRC, defines key terms and concepts and provides a framework for analysing and putting into effect the international legal and political commitments to child rights within a country context. This module:

  1. Defines child rights as the norms and standards for child well-being codified in international law;
  2. Identifies the key international and EU legal and political commitments to child rights, as well as the key considerations for engagement on child rights issues;
  3. Identifies the purpose, main components and methodology for conducting a child rights-based country context analysis.

References and resources

General references/resources

  1. Committee on the Rights of the Child, ‘General Comment No. 5: General measures of implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child’, Thirty-fourth session, 19 September–3 October 2003.
  2. Committee on the Rights of the Child, ‘General Comment No. 10: Children’s rights in juvenile justice’, Forty-fourth session, 15 January–2 February 2007.
  3. Committee on the Rights of the Child, ‘General Comment No. 12: The right of the child to be heard’, Fifty-first session, 25 May–12 June 2009.
  4. Committee on the Rights of the Child, ‘General Comment No. 13: The right of the child to freedom from all kinds of violence’, 2011.
  5. European Parliament, ‘Resolution on the Review of the EU's Human Rights Strategy (2012/2062(INI))’, adopted 13 December, Strasbourg, 2012.
  6. Minority Rights Group International in association with UNICEF, State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2009, MRG, London, 2009.
  7. UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 'Promoting the Rights of Children with Disabilities', Innocenti Digest no. 13, 2007.
  8. United Nations Children’s Fund, ‘Narrowing the Gaps to Meet the Goals’, UNICEF, New York, 2010. 
  9. United Nations Children’s Fund, State of the World’s Children Special Edition: Celebrating 20 years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, UNICEF, New York, 2010.
  10. United Nations Children’s Fund, Beijing + 15: Bringing girls into focus, UNICEF, New York, 2010.
  11. United Nations Children’s Fund, The State of the World’s Children 2011 – Adolescence: An age of opportunity, UNICEF, New York, 2011.
  12. United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report 2005: International cooperation at a crossroads – Aid, trade and security in an unequal world, UNDP, New York, 2005.
  13. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, ‘Tools and Publications’.
  14. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and United Nations Children’s Fund, Justice in Matters Involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime: Model law and related commentary, United Nations, Vienna, 2009. 
  15. World Bank, World Development Report 2006: Equity and development, World Bank and Oxford University Press, Washington, DC, 2006.
  16. World Health Organization and World Bank, World Report on Disability, WHO, Geneva, 2011.

Key EU documents focusing on child rights
CHILD RIGHTS

  1. Towards an EU Strategy on the Rights of the Child (2006)
  2. EU Agenda for the Rights of the Child (2011)

CHILD RIGHTS IN EXTERNAL ACTION 

  1. EU Guidelines for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of the Child (2007)
  2. The European Union’s Action Plan on Children’s Rights in External Action (2007)
  3. A Special Place for Children in EU External Action (2008)
  4. Council Conclusions on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of the Child in the European Union's External Action: The development and humanitarian dimensions (2008)

HUMAN RIGHTS IN EXTERNAL ACTION 

  1. The EU’s Role in Promoting Human Rights and Democratisation in Third Countries (2001)
  2. EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders (2008)
  3. EU Democracy Support in the EU’s External Relations (2010)
  4. Strategy for Effective Implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights (2010)
  5. Human Rights and Democracy at the Heart of EU External Action (2011)
  6. Report on the Application of the Charter on EU Institutions (2011)
  7. EU Strategic Framework and Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy (2012)

HUMAN RIGHTS IN COOPERATION FOR DEVELOPMENT

  1. Council Conclusions on the Millennium Development Goals for the United Nations High-Level Plenary Meeting in New York and Beyond (2010)
  2. Increasing the impact of EU Development Policy: An agenda for change (2011)
  3. The Future Approach to EU Budget Support to Third Countries (2011)

SECTOR-SPECIFIC DOCUMENTS
Gender and violence

  1. EU Implementation on UNSCR 1325 and 1820 (2008)
  2. Guidelines on Violence against Women and Girls (2008)
  3. EU Plan of Action for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment 2010–15 (2010)

International humanitarian law

  1. Guidelines on International Humanitarian Law (2009)

Emergency, crisis and conflicts

  1. Children in Emergency and Crisis Situations (2008)
  2. EU Guidelines on Children and Armed Conflicts (2008)

Migration 

  1. The Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (2011)

Child Labour

  1. Council Conclusions on Child Labour (2010)

Disability

  1. Guidance Note on Disability and Development (2003)
  2. EU Disability Strategy 2010–2020 (2010)

Education 

  1. Education and Training in the Context of Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries (2002)
  2. Council Conclusions Tackling Child Poverty and Promoting Child Well-being (2011)

Health

  1. Health and Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries (2002) 

Human trafficking

  1. The EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings 2012–2016 (2012)

Juvenile justice

  1. Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the European Rules for Juvenile Offenders Subject to Sanctions or Measures (2008)

Other key standards

  1. UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice “The Beijing Rules" (1985)
  2. UN Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of Their Liberty “The Havana Rules” (1990) 
  3. UN Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (The Tokyo Rules)(1990) 
  4. UN Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines) (1990)
  5. UN Guidelines for Action on Children in the Criminal Justice System (The Vienna Guidelines) (1996) 
  6. UN Basic Principles on the Use of Restorative Justice Programmes in Criminal Matters (2002)