In order to achieve the planned results, UNICEF is supporting the WASH component of the national Growth and Transformation Plan-II in five principal areas:

  1. Advance sanitation and hygiene promotion and marketing (including adolescent and BABY-WASH) in zones with high stunting, diarrhoea and trachoma prevalence;
  2. Leverage resources from the ONEWASH pooled fund for accelerated institutional WASH coverage;
  3. Innovate to improve the functionality and resilience of water supply in water insecure districts;
  4. Intensify urban sanitation and pro-poor water service delivery; and
  5. Strengthen sector coordination for development and emergency programming through innovative research and knowledge generation.

More on the background and the WASH prgramme in Ethiopia

Water supply and sanitation is the top priority of Ethiopian water management policy and strategy. The current growth and transformation plan (GTP-II) clearly articulates, based on new water supply standard, to reach 85% from current 59% in rural areas and 75% from current 58% in urban areas by 2020. The GTP-II is also an important vehicle to achieve the universal access of water supply and sanitation in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. GTP-II is a five years programme that is to be implemented from 2016 to 2020 and have similar indicators with the SDG goals of 6.1 and 6.2.

By the end of the GTP-2 period in 2020, the proportion of people using safely managed, adequate and resilient water supply services is planned to be increased to 83% while the proportion of people using safely managed and resilient sanitation services is planned to be increased to 100%.  The number of people (particularly mothers) practicing improved hygiene behaviours (Hand Washing, Face Washing, Food Hygiene) and living in healthy environments is planned to be increased to 70%, by 2020, from the current 17%.

Under the current CP, UNICEF is supporting the government of Ethiopia towards achieving the National WASH programme designed to achieve the second phase of GTP-II. The programme is intended to increase the number of people having access to water and sanitation, through strengthening the service delivery, enabling environment, and knowledge management of the WASH sector.

UNICEF-Ethiopia is working with the government and other partners to mitigate the problem and reduce vulnerability to water insecurity. Groundwater assessment studies and consideration of multi-village water supply systems are new approaches to provide water to communities where water is scarce by conveying water from other areas where it is available. This approach recently adopted by UNICEF is proved to be promising and have shown successful results in field trials of constructing test productive boreholes. Predicting possible water shortages, carrying out preparedness activities and linking emergency response with development intervention is considered as a strategy to mitigate the problem related to drought while carrying out lifesaving activities at the same time.

After the introduction of CLTSH in Ethiopia and understanding its application in mobilizing the rural communities for their action to stop practicing open defecation, UNICEF, in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Health, agreed to make CLTSH the principal approach to promote rural sanitation in Ethiopia. Using the CLTSH approach during 2012-2016, the country have demonstrated significant increase in latrine coverage and achieved ODF communities at scale. However, this achievement is only for basic (traditional) latrines that contain excreta but not necessarily obstruct the disease transmission which necessities the need to re-focus the sanitation and hygiene programme on improved latrines.

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