A Review of Child Sensitivity in Social Policies in Ethiopia


Every Child Learning cover photo
UNICEF Ethiopia/2022


Ethiopia being one of the countries that has seen significant progress across development indicators in the region, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew at an average of 10.5 per cent per annum between the years of 2004/05 and 2012/12. The government also boarded on different socio-economic development programmes, which are based on a multi-sectoral approach to policy and programming, to achieve low-middle-income country status by 2025. In addition, there is the current Ten-Year Perspective Development Plan which is a private sector focused sustainability of the “Growth and Transformative plan”. However, in these recent years economic growth has shown slight deceleration. This has effect on achieving child sensitive SDGs, which in turn affects approximately 50 per cent of the population – 47.8 million – who are under the age of 19. Children comprise a high share of the population in many developing countries such as Ethiopia. As a result, demographic changes; access to improved water and sanitation sources, electricity and health care; poverty rates, school enrolments and environment all have direct effect on child nutrition, child mortality, eradicating child labor and eliminating gender inequalities. So, it is imperative to monitor child-related progress for each SDG since it is now being widely recognized that countries cannot achieve the SDG targets without the realization of child rights. Thus, the purpose of this study is to support UNICEF and Policy Studies Institute (PSI) to identify the gaps or challenges that limit the child sensitivity of policies and their implementation, and present concrete recommendations for improving the child sensitivity of these policies to the government of Ethiopia.


UNICEF Ethiopia, Policy Studies Institute, Economic Policy Research Institute
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