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First decade – PMTCT and paediatric AIDS

© UNICEF/NYHQ2009-2009/Nesbitt
A health officer from Zambia Prevention, Care and Treatment performs HIV tests on blood samples of pregnant women and their partners.

In Eastern and Southern Africa, efforts to eliminate mother-to-child transmission have intensified dramatically. 

In 2011, 72 per cent of pregnant women in need of such services were reached with effective drug regimens, which can reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission to less than 5 per cent. 

With 960,000 pregnant women living with HIV in 2011 – that’s more than any other region of the world – the need continues to be immense. More than 90 per cent of them resided in just nine countries - South Africa, Mozambique, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Ethiopia.

In 2011, only 33 per cent of children in need of treatment received antiretroviral therapy. 

HIV contributes to 10 - 28 per cent of all deaths among children under five years of age, as well as high levels of maternal deaths, ranging from 27 per cent in Mozambique to 67 per cent in Swaziland.





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