Health and Nutrition

Overview: Health and Nutrition


Child and Newborn Health

Maternal Health

Expanded Programme on Immunisation

Communication for Development



UNICEF Eritrea/2014/Pirozzi
© UNICEF Eritrea/2014/Pirozzi

The fight against child malnutrition is a key component of UNICEF’s child survival and development strategy. More than 50% of under 5 deaths are caused by malnutrition. The fight against malnutrition is therefore a fight for survival, growth and development of the child. 

In Eritrea, UNICEF supports community and facility based therapeutic and supplementary feeding services targeting severely and moderately malnourished under-five children. The Ministry of Health with the support of UNICEF, initiated Integrated Management of Acute Malnutrition (IMAM) which includes the components of Facility Based Therapeutic Feeding (FBTF) in 57 health facilities, Community Based Therapeutic Feeding (CBTF) in 212 centers, and targeted Supplementary Feeding Programme (SFP) in 263 sites for moderately acute malnourished children under five. UNICEF also supports Vitamin A supplementation for children 6-59 months, Iron Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation for women as well as salt iodization, and promotion of adequate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and hygiene promotion. 

In the absence of the World Food Programme, UNICEF also supports blanket supplementary feeding in Eritrea. This comprises procurement of fortified supplementary foods and distribution to children aged 6-59 months, and pregnant and breast-feeding mothers in high risk areas of the country. 

Real lives

Supporting a community and saving lives
13 July 2015 – The staff of the Serejeka Health Facility warmly greet community health volunteer, Freweini. While she does not work at the Health Facility and instead covers an entire community visiting each house providing healthcare to children...

Caring for the community’s children as she would her own
June 2012 - Nurse Nigsti comforts a crying child, reassures a mother and then very quickly shifts her attention and demeanour to meet with Ministry of Health officials to update them on her work at the Maternal Child Health facility...



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