Health and Nutrition

Overview: Health and Nutrition


Child and Newborn Health

Maternal Health

Expanded Programme on Immunisation

Communication for Development


Overview: Health and Nutrition

UNICEF Eritrea/2014/Pirozzi
© UNICEF Eritrea/2014/Pirozzi

The Health and Nutrition programme aims to fulfil the rights of Eritrean children to health and nutrition, providing support to the promotion and provision of quality preventive, curative and rehabilitative health and nutrition care services. UNICEF’s main implementing partner is the Ministry of Health (MoH) in close collaboration with UN agencies.

UNICEF’s Health and Nutrition programme supports the Government in the areas of Nutrition (treatment of acute malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies control, infant and young child feeding, blanket feeding); Child and Newborn Health; Maternal Health; and the prevention of mother to child transmission (HIV/AIDS).

Fast facts

Eritrea is one of a few Sub-Saharan African countries on track to reach MDG 4 ensuring a consistent reduction in child mortality by four per cent per annum over the last decade.

The nutritional status of children under five years of age in Eritrea continues to deteriorate as a result of inadequate infant and young child feeding and care practices, drought and high consumer food prices.

Vitamin A and iodine deficiencies are among the major micronutrient deficiencies affecting children under the age of five in Eritrea.

Access to iodized salt remains below 90 percent in the two coastal zobas (Southern Red Sea and Northern Red Sea) while more than 90% of households in other four zobas have access to iodised salt.

Maternal mortality is 486 deaths per 100,000 live births (EPHS, 2010). Antenatal coverage is currently reaching 70 per cent of women of child-bearing age, whilst skilled assisted delivery remains at only 30 per cent.



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