By Eva Gilliam
UNICEF’s flagship report, ‘The State of the World’s Children 2012: Children in an Urban World’, will launch on 28 February, focusing attention on children in urban areas. One billion children live in urban areas, a number that is growing rapidly. Yet disparities within cities reveal that many lack access to schools, health care and sanitation, despite living alongside these services. This story is part of a series highlighting the needs of these children.
ABIDJAN, Côte d'Ivoire, 21 February 2012 – After a fight with his father, 9-year-old Junior Coulibaly left his house in a huff. It was a Friday afternoon in mid-January 2011. Nine months would pass before he would see his father again.
|VIDEO: 31 January 2012 - UNICEF correspondent Eva Gilliam reports on 7-year-old Michel's separation from his family during violence in Côte d'Ivoire. Watch in RealPlayer|
Junior was playing in his neighbourhood of Yopougon, one of the country’s largest slums, when conflict erupted – the result of tension that had been building since the presidential elections six weeks earlier.
“This neighbourhood saw some of the worst of it,” said Yassindou Coulibaly, Junior’s father. “It was dangerous – particularly for men, so I had to leave, or risk being killed.”
Alone in the city
The post–election violence of 2011 separated many children from their families. Yet even in times of peace, children find themselves separated from their families for a variety of reasons.
This is particularly true in urban areas. Many children migrate to cities in search of work or education. Mostly, they come with their families, but sometimes they arrive by themselves, vulnerable to exploitation. And too often, these children find themselves excluded from the very opportunities they came for.
|© UNICEF Cote d'Ivoire/2011/Gilliam|
|Nine-year-old Junior Coulibaly was separated from his family in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, during the post-election crisis. He has since been reunited with his family.|
“While urban environments usually have more services, such as water, electricity, schools and health care, this does not mean that everyone has access to these services,” explained Laetitia Bazzi, UNICEF Chief of Child Protection in Côte d'Ivoire. “This is particularly the case for migrating children who are extremely poor.”
These children tend to live in slums with poor sanitation, minimal access to safe drinking water and overcrowded schools.
Children living in slums may leave home to escape these conditions, only to be faced by worse conditions on their own. “They have no parental support, and are often submitted to abusive treatment – sometimes in a work situation – or on the street,” Ms. Bazzi said.
A lifeline for separated children
Junior found safety at the Centre Sauvetage d’Abidjan (the Abidjan Lifeboat Centre) in downtown Abidjan. The programme is managed by the Bureau International Catholique de l’enfance (BICE) and supported by UNICEF.
|© UNICEF video|
|Michel, 7, was separated from his family during the post-election violence in Côte d'Ivoire. He spent seven months at a transit centre for separated and abused children while social workers searched for his family.|
The conflict highlighted the issue of unaccompanied children, said Berté Kafiné, the centre’s coordinator. “When the crisis hit, we had a huge influx of children here,” she explained. “Some kids walked over 20 km, fleeing the hotspots in the slums, only to become completely lost, and simply point themselves towards the city buildings. Others were brought in by strangers who found them in the street. And then others came from the rural areas – initially with their parents, until they became separated.”
Ms. Kafiné and her team at the centre offer stability for unaccompanied children, providing beds, meals, classes and recreation. And just as importantly, they offer psychosocial support services to help children deal with the stress caused by separation.
Reuniting with parents
Workers at the Centre Sauvetage d’Abidjan accompany children through the judicial and administrative proceedings, with the goal of reuniting them with their families or placing them in safe and stable care.
|© UNICEF video|
|Many children come to Abijian, Côte d'Ivoire's largest city, looking for work or an education.|
“The reunion is often a happy one, but sometimes the child can have such negative memories of the separation. They can be re-traumatised,” Ms. Kafiné said.
Other children may feel they no longer have a place at home; UNICEF and partners are working to ensure reunions are healthy and sustainable, sometimes assisting with school fees or providing psychosocial support for families.
Ms. Kafiné knows that city life can be very harsh for a child.
“In the city, it’s every man for themselves,” Ms. Kafiné said. “Taking the hand of a neighbour’s child is no longer instinctual. That is why we’re here. And let me tell you, it makes a difference.”
Back in a narrow cement courtyard in Abobo, Junior sat down for a meal with his family. His father said they no longer argue about schoolwork or chores.
“Something in him changed when he came home,” said Mr. Coulibaly. “He is with me all the time, and he even helps out his little brother and sister with their schoolwork. It’s like he wants to be here with all his heart. And that makes me so happy, so proud.”
State of the World's Children 2012
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