17 October 2023

Reducing poverty through support for children with disabilities and their families

Nearly 10.8 million children in Europe and Central Asia have disabilities, accounting for 1 in 17 children across the region. Their opportunity to lead fulfilling lives and fully and fairly participate in society depends on the extent to which they are supported and included in their homes, schools and communities. The exclusion of people with…, A comprehensive and inclusive social protection system should ensure:, Income security, Income security for children with disabilities and their families that supports an adequate standard of living on an equal basis with others, including through effective access to disability-specific cash benefits for children and their carers., Adequate healthcare, Access to adequate healthcare, including disability-related medical care and rehabilitation. , Financial coverage, Financial coverage of disability-related costs and access to care services and/or assistive technology. , Access to the comprehensive services, Access to the comprehensive services needed throughout life, such as care services, education, vocational training, support with employment and generating income. , Equitable access to support and benefits, An inclusive social protection system guarantees equitable access to support and benefits for all children with disabilities, considering specific needs based on age, gender, and ethnicity., First 1,000 days, For families of children who are born with disabilities or are at risk of developmental delays, early identification and support are critical to ensure that children thrive. Their right to immunization, accessible and affordable health care and community-based services is essential. Their ability to enjoy recreational activities, playgrounds and…, Early education and care, Participation in quality early education and care supports children’s social and emotional development and learning and helps support a smooth transition to school. Drawing of a teacher handing a hearing aid to a student. Inclusive learning From preschool onwards, children with disabilities must have support from qualified teachers and teacher…, Inclusive Education, Inclusive education ensures that children with disabilities participate fully in learning. They need to be provided with equal learning opportunities in a safe, protective environment that embraces their diversity and accommodates their needs. These environments also need to support their wellbeing, helping them thrive and participate fully in…
28 March 2023

Responses to disasters and crises through subnational social protection systems

This report presents key findings, lessons, and recommendations on how governments in Europe and Central Asia have responded to disasters and crises through subnational social protection systems. Using case studies from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Tajikistan and Ukraine the report identifies key priority areas of work and further…, Albania, Country disaster risk profile Albania is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, with increased vulnerability due to its infrastructure needs, and poverty in rural areas. The country is prone to numerous natural hazards, including hydrometeorological hazards: floods, droughts, forest fires, and landslides. The country is also at high-risk to…, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Country disaster risk profile Bosnia and Herzegovina is at risk of natural disasters, which affect the agricultural sector and human health, through seasonal flooding and periods of drought. The most common natural disasters are associated with heavy rainstorms that may cause mudslides and flooding of large areas of agricultural land, houses, and…, Montenegro, Country disaster risk profile Montenegro’s main hazard exposure  is to floods and earthquakes. Flooding affects 10,000 people annually on average and causes an average of US$90 million in damage to the national gross domestic product (GDP). During the last 20 years, Montenegro has experienced six destructive floods; the three largest took place in…, Tajikistan, Country disaster risk profile Tajikistan is a mountainous country with diverse topography and is especially vulnerable to climate hazards. It is prone to earthquakes, floods, drought, avalanches, landslides and mudslides. The most vulnerable areas are the glacier-dependent river basins supplying hydropower and water resources for irrigation,…, Ukraine, Country disaster risk profile Ukraine is at risk of hydrometeorological hazards and natural disasters, which primarily affect the agricultural and human health sectors, through seasonal flooding and periods of drought. Threats from riverine, urban floods and wildfires are considered high. Impacts from climate change make Ukraine increasingly…, Documentation of how governments in Europe and Central Asia have responded to disasters and crises through subnational social protection systems Policy document Mihai MAGHERU May 2022 Subnational social protection systems Contents: Introduction…