28 May 2024

UNICEF humanitarian cash assistance programme in the municipality of Budapest, Hungary

The Budapest Cash Help programme gave unconditional and unrestricted cash assistance to refugees from Ukraine, reaching more than 1,400 households between June to October 2023. The programme helped households afford the basics for their children, boost resilience and provide a referral mechanism, whereby children in need of social services, education, health care and legal support were identified and referred to quality services.The report presents findings from a Post-Distribution Monitoring (PDM) survey conducted among households that received cash assistance.Key findings include:Households prioritized different areas for spending the cash received to meet their various necessities; more than 70 per cent of households reported spending on food and, 58 per cent of households reported spending on clothes, 22 per cent of households reported spending on education and 11 per cent spent on health and hygiene items.The importance of delivering timely cash assistance; nearly 80 per cent of households spent the whole amount of cash assistance within two weeks.Almost all households were using negative mechanisms to cope with economic hardships, including choosing less preferred but cheaper food (86 per cent), spending savings (60 per cent), borrowing money and reducing spending on health (17 per cent each).Limited access of refugees to essential social services;  around 85 per cent of households have children in need of additional assistance and services including food, housing, health services and education. The cash assistance programme was supported by UNICEF and implemented by the Municipality of Budapest in cooperation with Hungarian Red Cross and the Metropolitan Foundation. Each household received a single payment of emergency cash assistance valued at 48,000 HUF (US$ 139)1.1. Per child or pregnant woman
22 January 2024

Providing a Lifeline for Ukrainian Refugee Children

This report explores the impacts of humanitarian cash assistance for Ukrainian refugee children in Slovakia, covering 3 cash schemes: The Material Needs Benefit programme: a benefit targeting all materially deprived households registered for humanitarian cash support through UNHCR. The assistance was delivered monthly from June to September 2022.  The Carer’s Benefit (for children): a benefit targeting households caring for children with specific needs, i.e. a severe disability or medical condition, as assessed by UNICEF’s partner TENENET. The assistance was delivered monthly from June to November 2022.  The  Cash for Child Development and Education programme: a one-off benefit targeting all households with children aged 0–17 years. The transfer aimed to support the education and care of Ukrainian children.   Some of the key findings include: Regular and predictable financial support was essential for beneficiaries, providing them with financial security and preventing negative coping strategies such as  cutting down on food and essential goods and services. UNICEF cash assistance accounted for 40–50% of the budget of households with children with disabilities. State housing support was essential for households, contributing significantly to the overall effectiveness of humanitarian cash support, as  it gave beneficiaries the flexibility to use their available income on essential goods, mainly food. UNICEF cash assistance improved refugee  households’ access to nutritious, high quality  food. Families with children on special diets  could buy better quality and more diverse  food and reduce their dependency on food  banks. UNICEF cash assistance helped  households to cover out-of-pocket healthcare expenses, especially those with children  needing specialized care.
04 October 2023

UNICEF Cash Assistance Programme in the Municipality of Záhony, Hungary

The report provides the findings of the Post-Distribution Monitoring (PDM) survey, which was conducted among vulnerable households who benefitted from the cash assistance programme implemented by the municipality of Záhony in cooperation with UNICEF in Záhony municipality. The objective of the survey was to understand the socio-economic characteristics of households that benefited from the programme; assess the effectiveness of the cash assistance programme; and collect beneficiaries’ feedback and their level of satisfaction. Additionally, the survey delved into a comprehensive vulnerability assessment of recipient households, investigating issues of household members such as health status, social challenges and barriers, disability and development delays, children’s schooling, and their needs. Key findings include: Limited access of refugees to essential social services; the share of Ukrainians who reported having spent on health and education was twice that of Hungarians. Deteriorating financial situation of the targeted households; at least 95% of cash recipient households spent less than the average national monthly expenditure reported in 2021. Increased negative coping strategies; when faced with economic hardship, 67% of households opted for cheaper food and reduced food intake as their first choices. The significance of the cash amount delivered to the households, 85% of households reported that the cash assistance was enough to cover household needs. Seventy-six percent of households reported positive effects of the cash assistance. More than 90% of households were satisfied with different aspects of the cash assistance programme.