25 April 2023

Evaluation of UNICEF’s response to support the influx of refugees from Ukraine

Following eight years of armed conflict in eastern Ukraine, at dawn on 24 February 2022, the Russian Federation launched a military incursion across the country. The event displaced millions in search of safety, protection, and humanitarian assistance, creating the fastest growing refugee emergency since World War II. By the end of March 2022,…, Meeting the needs and priorities of beneficiaries and stakeholders 1. UNICEF adopted a twin-track approach to expanding its country presence, undertaking strategic advocacy and negotiation at national level in parallel with programmatic activity on the ground. Its strategic narrative of the Child Protection dimensions of the crisis was…, Conclusions , Overall, the evaluation finds that UNICEF’s response to the regional refugee crisis was swiftly executed, effective and appropriate for context. Prioritising response delivery through national systems and placing the ‘best interests of [every] child’ at the heart of the response, helped built its reputation as a principled and impartial actor.…, Recommendations, Corporate, Extend links to political and security intelligence systems. Review UNICEF’s emergency response model for middle- and high-income settings/protracted crises. (in line with findings from the Humanitarian Review and COVID-19 evaluation) Build emergency capacity across UNICEF, including for national staff in contexts with low emergency propensity.…, Regional, At regional level, interpret the CCCs for this context. Generate a clear corporate statement and position on gender in the response. (in line with the Humanitarian Review) Centralise lesson learning in the response, building on the coordination meetings now being held. Build emergency preparedness, geared to an ethos of systems-strengthening into…, Evaluation of UNICEFs Response to Support the Influx of Refugees from Ukraine Final Report | March 2023 ii Evaluation of UNICEFs Response to Support the Influx of Refugees from Ukraine | Final Report, 2023 The statements in this publication are the views of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the policies or the views of UNICEF. The…
06 April 2023

Supporting the integration of refugee and migrant children in host EU countries

This week, the UNICEF Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia (ECA) and the Swiss Government kicked off the project “Supporting integration of refugee and migrant children in host EU countries,” with a technical meeting between the six participating countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic. Through its country…, Children arriving in host countries are in need of protection, accommodation and care. , The war in Ukraine, which started in February 2022, triggered one of the fastest-growing humanitarian and child protection emergencies in recent history, placing unprecedented pressure on the child protection structures of host countries, many of which were already grappling to provide support to migrant and refugee children and families from…, Supporting the strengthening of national child protection systems is the most sustainable way forward. , Below is a snapshot of some of the ways the project countries are working with UNICEF to strengthen national child protection systems:   In Poland, the initiative will be based on a systems-strengthening approach and will expand the existing child protection and alternative care system to include Ukrainian children currently residing in Poland who…, Bulgaria, Situation overview, Over 1.1 million people have crossed from Ukraine into Bulgaria since 24 February 2022, with 589 unaccompanied children being registered. 20,407 asylum seekers applied for international protection in 2022 (including 5,114 children), marking an 86% increase in arrivals compared to 2021., Key areas of intervention, Strengthen the migration management systems and structures, with a focus on asylum seeking children, including UASC; families whose applications are pending or have been rejected; refugee children; families who have been granted temporary / permanent protection status. Strengthen the national and local authorities’ capacity to provide appropriate…, Targets, Up to 6 facilities, including existing social services and reception centres, supported to provide quality accommodation and services to refugee, migrant and asylum-seeking children, including UASCs. 200 frontline workers trained to increase their understanding of the rights and needs of UASC, accompanied refugee children and their caregivers. 5,…, Croatia, Situation overview, 22,498 persons from Ukraine, including 7,471 children, have been identified in Croatia as of 2 April 2023. 12,872 asylum seekers from countries other than Ukraine, including 436 UASC were registered in 2022., Key areas of intervention, Ensure that the most vulnerable children from Ukraine and their caregivers, including UASCs, have access to integrated and high-quality child protection and family support services that enable prevention, early identification, referral and provision of services in accordance with the child’s best interest. Develop a high-quality curriculum and…, Targets, Directly reach: 7,600 of the most vulnerable children in migration, including 7,100 children from Ukraine who reside in Croatia, as well as 515 UASC; 200 of the most vulnerable parents and caregivers from Ukraine who reside in Croatia; 976 social service workforce professionals. Indirectly reach: 17,080 children at risk, including 7,650 children…, Hungary, Situation overview, 2.1 million persons have crossed the border from Ukraine into Hungary since 24 February. Hungary is typically a transit country, with those remaining primarily being Hungarian Roma from Zakarpattia region. 34,238 Ukrainian refugees were registered for temporary protection or a similar national protection scheme as of February 2023., Key areas of intervention, Improve the accommodation infrastructure for refugees in the municipalities of Budapest and Debrecen. Provide support to local government in winterization of collective sites with inappropriate insulation and heating. Support improving conditions in designated accommodation sites for the most vulnerable groups of refugee children and women,…, Targets, Directly support 3,000 beneficiaries, including refugee children living on the territory of municipalities Budapest and Debrece. 2,000 adults and children with Roma background will benefit from improved services at the community-based level., Poland, Situation overview, Over 1.5 million refugees have been registered for temporary protection and out of those registered, over 40% are children. According to UNHCR, nearly 2000 children evacuated from institutions in Ukraine are currently registered in Poland. Over 9 000 000 people have crossed from Ukraine into Poland since 24 February, approx. 90% are women and…, Key areas of intervention, Provide family-type and family-based accommodation for children evacuated from institutions in Ukraine, by supporting the rental and redecoration of family type homes and apartments for current and potential foster families and supporting the daily operation of the homes, foster families and basic needs of children and caregivers. Ensure adequate…, Targets, Nearly 2,000 children and caregivers provided with family-type accommodation. 2,000 children provided with individual case management. 300 social workers and specialists recruited and capacitated. Make available a monitoring system, a referral pathway and standard operating procedures for relocation, and a plan for return and reintegration., Romania, Situation overview, Approximately 2.5 million Ukrainian citizens have entered Romania, of which approximately 90,000 are staying in the country. Over 72 000 have obtained temporary protection, and approximately 38,000 children are currently residing in Romania., Key areas of intervention, Improve access to and quality of social inclusion programmes for UASC and Ukrainian children and adolescents evacuated from institutions and protected in the childcare system. Strengthen child protection systems to identify, document and assess refugee children and refer them to services. Strengthen child protection systems for early intervention…, Targets, Provide social inclusion activities to at least 100 children. Build capacity of 1,000 social workers to use the pathways for early intervention and guiding beneficiaries. Support functioning in 10 counties of 119 child hotline and mobile intervention units. Increase capacity of 1,000 social workers on applying the best interest of the child…, Slovak Republic, Situation overview, According to the Slovak Migration Office, 834,514 people entered the Slovak Republic from Ukraine between 24 February 2022 and 03 October 2022, and 97 831 temporary protection requests have been made. 45 unaccompanied children are identified in the child protection system. 1,400 separated children have been appointed a guardian., Key areas of intervention, Address immediate capacity and service provision needs: Gaps in the national asylum system, its current workforce and services to provide child and disability-sensitive case management and integration approaches for Ukrainian refugees and other third country nationals. Address overall and sustainable systems strengthening needs: Issues in asylum…, Targets, Support directly 1,500 Ukrainian children and families, including those with disabilities residing in asylum facilities and accommodation centres benefiting from improved case management and access to safe spaces. Support directly 1,500 Ukrainian children and families, including those with disabilities, living in communities, benefiting from…