Situation reports and advocacy briefs on refugee and migrant children
Latest information on refugee and migrant children in Europe
Situation report are the main reporting tool to monitor UNICEF's Humanitarian Action for Children appeal for the refugee and migrant response in Europe. It provides an update on the situation and needs of refugee and migrant children and women in Europe, as well as UNICEF's response and funding requirements.
Latest situation report
Between January and December 2020, 94,800 refugees and migrants (18.5 percent of whom are children)* arrived in Europe. Most countries reported decreases in arrivals during the first half of 2020 due to the pandemic and subsequent lockdowns, while numbers increased again in the second half of the year. Italy saw a steep surge in arrivals throughout the year due to the ongoing conflict in Libya.
In Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro, UNICEF reached approximately 51,000 children with a range of support. 30,500 accessed child protection services, including mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS), case management and referral. Over 23,000 attended formal and non-formal education (NFE) activities. Around 9,400 women, girls, and boys benefitted from gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response interventions.
Existing vulnerabilities of the migrant and refugee population were further exacerbated by several events, including the fire at Moria Reception and Identification Centre (RIC) in Greece and the closure and subsequent burning down of Lipa Emergency Tent Camp in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Humanitarian needs increased as affected children and families became exposed to harsh conditions. Anti-migrant sentiments among host communities following these events are particularly worrying. In addition, an increased number of pushbacks at borders and violence against refugees and migrants have been reported.
The COVID-19 pandemic and its unprecedented socio-economic consequences severely impacted the health and wellbeing of refugee and migrants already living with limited access to basic services, including MHPSS, education, healthcare, and legal aid. To mitigate the impacts of COVID-19, continued efforts must be made to ensure availability and access to basic services, particularly for accompanied and unaccompanied children who make up 27 percent of the refugee and migrant population in Europe**.
In 2020, UNICEF received USD 26 million out of a USD 28 million appeal (7 percent funding gap). UNICEF acknowledges and appreciates the generous contributions from all public and private sector donors to support the migrant and refugee crisis response.
All situation reports
Report 19: December Report 18: November Report 17: October
Report 16: September Report 15: August Report 14: July
Report 13: June Report 12: May Report 11: April
Report 10: March Report 9: February Report 8: January
Report 7:14 December 2015 - 3 January 2016