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Resources on social policy

Child Poverty in East Asia and the Pacific: Deprivations and Disparities  

Published: November 2011
Publisher: UNICEF East Asia & Pacific

The report reveals that over 30 million children in the seven countries suffer from at least one severe deprivation. This is more acute in certain segments of the population, representing critical equity challenges. The most notable dimensions of inequity include disparities between rural and urban areas, between provinces or sub-national regions, between different ethnic groups, between small and large households, and between households headed by well-educated and poorly educated adults.  Click to download its advocacy brief.

Children's Vulnerability to Climate Change and Disaster Impacts in East Asia & Pacific

Published: November 2011
Publisher: UNICEF East Asia & Pacific

The report summarizes key findings from the studies in Indonesia, Kiribati, Mongolia, Philippines and Vanuatu to see if there were noticeable patterns
and trends of climate change and disaster impacts on children. The studies also included interviews with children and youth to assess their perspectives on climate change.

The impacts of climate change on nutrition and migration affecting children in Indonesia

Published: November 2011
Publisher: UNICEF Indonesia

The Indonesia study explored children’s vulnerabilities to climate change and disaster impacts, with a focus on children’s health and nutrition and migration patterns affecting children.

Climate change impacts on children in the Pacific: A focus on Kiribati and Vanuatu

Published: November 2011
Publisher: UNICEF Pacific

Pacific Islanders have historically managed living with extreme weather. But changing climatic conditions due to human-induced influences appear certain to change their worlds. In fact, changes are already evident. In a world that is largely struggling with rapid urbanization, lack of sanitation infrastructure, scarce water resources and extensive poverty, the changes to come will continue making tough conditions tougher.


Children’s vulnerability and their capacity as agents for community-based adaptation in Mongolia

Published: November 2011
Publisher: UNICEF Mongolia

The predicted effects of climate change on Mongolia include an increased frequency of extreme weather and environmental hazards, such as flash floods, droughts, dust and snowstorms, torrential rains, heat waves and wild fires as well as unfavourable changes in precipitation patterns, the shifting in ecological zones and desertification.


Publication year: 2010
Languages: English

Recognizing the need to broaden knowledge and understanding of non-state provides and the role they can play, UNICEF and the ADB convened a workshop to discuss and analyze the broader governance context which non-state providers function and regulatory transformations needed to improve state and non-state engagement in basic service delivery. Click to read the full report.



The differential impact on women, men and children of fiscal responses to the global economic crisis
Publication year: 2010
Publisher: UNICEF East Asia & Pacific
Languages: English

This study examines from a gender perspective the initiatives that were included in the fiscal response packages in five Asian countries, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Lao PDR and Viet Nam.  It identifies ways in which fiscal stimulus packages might have been more responsive to the different needs and situations of women and children.  Click to download the full report.


Protecting Pacific Island children and women during economic and food crises
Publication year: 2009
Publisher: UNDP, PasEFIC, UNICEF Pacific
Languages: English

This publication is intended to help national and regional partners better understand and actively respond to the impacts of the global economic crisis on some 1 million children and half a million women in the Pacific. Our focus is the protection of children’s physical and social well-being and how the crisis may be used as an opportunity to expand access to quality health, education, child protection and other key services in the Pacific to safeguard gains already made and to accelerate progress toward National and Millennium Development Goals for children. Click to read the full report.

Publication year: 2009
Publisher: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Language: English

In the East Asia and the Pacific region, the impact of the various crises so far has been devastating, and years of progress in poverty alleviation, child survival, and education attainment are in peril. Click to read the full article.

Conference Report: Impact of the Economic Crisis on Children
For leaders and policy makersin East Asia and the Pacific, these are the most challenging of times. Rising fuel costs. Skyrocketing food prices and food shortages. Social unrest. All have tested the mettle of governments in recent months.

Child benefits and poverty reduction: Evidence from Mongolia’s child money programme
This paper analyses the extent to which Mongolia’s Child Money Programme, a conditional cash transfer programme for families with children, contributes to poverty reduction and the improved well-being of children.

Universal primary education: Reaching the unreached in Cambodia
This paper identifies the children who are not being reached with respect to universal primary education (UPE) in Cambodia, highlighting socio-economic disparities across the population.

Cash Transfers in Emergencies: A review drawing upon the tsunami and other experiences
This paper draws upon the tsunami experience and documented examples of cash interventions from both emergency and development situations. It looks at how they can be used to complement household income in times of adversity.

China's budget system and the financing of education and health services for children. 2006
According to this new study, China's continued progress in reducing child and maternal mortality and ensuring universal access to quality education will depend on higher budget allocations and larger fiscal transfers to poor counties.

Development programming and the well-being of the girl child, Papua New Guinea. 2006
The study investigates the well-being of the girl child and further highlights Papua New Guinea's strengths and challenges for the programmatic implementation of a human rights-based approach to development programming.

Mongolia: Multiple indicator cluster 2005-2006 key findings. 2006
The Mongolia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey provides information on the social trends in the country. The report contains valuable information on demographics, trends and attitudes within individual housholds.

Solomon Islands: A situation analysis of children, women & youth. 2005
This report details the challenges facing children, youth and women in the Solomon Islands. It reviews the key issues in the social sector and proposes prioties on how to better ensure the rights of the countries women and children are met.

Vanuatu: A situation analysis of children and women. 2005
This situation analysis provides an overview of women and children situation in Vanuatu. It focuses on the child and maternal health, education and emergency response capacity. It provides broad recommendations for investing in social development.



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