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Paediatric AIDS treatment and care

Public awareness campaigns attack stigma and its impact on people with HIV or AIDS in Indonesia

• Some 30% of infected children die by their first birthday, and 50% die within their second year of life.

• In low-and middle-income countries, the number of children under age 15 who receive ART increased sharply to almost 200,000 in 2007, from around 127,000 in 2006 and 75,000 in 2005.

• In East Asia and the Pacific, the number of children under age 15 who receive ART rose to 12,000 in 2007, from 9,700 in 2006 and 6,000 in 2005. Smaller figures are reported in South Asia during same period – from 1,500 (2005) and 3,000 (2006) to 9,000 (2007).

• In East Asia and the Pacific, 28% of all infants born to infected mothers were receiving ART prophylaxis, and 15.9% of infants who were in need of ART were receiving cotrimoxazole treatment.

UNICEF in action

UNICEF is spearheading efforts to introduce and expand paediatric interventions in our region. These include:

• Strengthening monitoring and reporting systems towards holistic care for HIV-infected and newborns

• Implementing a decentralized PMTCT approach to improve monitoring of PMTCT outcomes

• Implementing comprehensive HIV services for women and children, including ANC, HIV counselling and a child-friendly clinic

• Providing ART for HIV-positive mothers and their babies

• Introducing safe delivery practices

• Giving advice and support on infant-feeding methods

• Advocating for better paediatric formulations and a scaling up of paediatric treatment

• Rolling out paediatric ARV treatment programme.



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