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Child protection archive

Children's Rights and Business Principles (PDF)

Published: March 2013
The Children's Rights and Business Principles are the first comprehensive set of principles to guide companies on the full range of actions they can take in the workplace, marketplace and community to respect and support children's rights.


Child Protection in Educational Settings: Findings from Six Countries in East Asia and the Pacific (PDF)

Launched: October 2012

This publication presents the findings from a six-country regional mapping of the capacity and activities for child protection in education settings. The mapping offers an initial assessment of what educational institutions are doing to respond to child protection concerns, including their training and learning for staff and students, and it identifies mechanisms that foster an open atmosphere for dialogue on child protection in the education context.  The six countries – Indonesia, Lao PDR, Mongolia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Thailand – are taking forward the respective recommendations from the report.


Measuring and Monitoring Child Protection Systems: Proposed Core Indicators for the East Asia and Pacific Region (PDF)

Launched: October 2012

This publication proposes a framework of core indicators for measuring and monitoring national child protection systems in the region. The indicators, used either in concert or selectively, will support monitoring and assessment of the enabling environment or ‘governance’ of national child protection systems: the relevant legal and regulatory structure, the social welfare system for children and families, and the justice system as it relates to child protection.

Child Maltreatment: Prevalence, Incidence and Consequences in East Asia and Pacific

Launched: August 2012
Publisher: UNICEF East Asia & Pacific

The report is the first-ever comprehensive analysis of existing studies undertaken by experts and academics about child maltreatment in the region.  It examines studies produced between January 2000 and November 2010.

Estimates of the frequency of physical abuse of children vary from country to country and from study to study, but the report found that even the best case scenario suggests 1 in 10 children experience physical abuse, while the worst case finds that some 30.3 per cent of children suffering abuse. The prevalence of severe physical abuse ranges from nine per cent to nearly one in four children in the region, according to the studies. Severe physical abuse includes beatings, including those inflicted by fists or implements, which result in physical injury.


Child Drowning: Evidence for a newly recognized cause of child mortality in low and middle income countries in Asia

Launched: May 2012
Publisher: UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti

Drowning is a leading cause of death among children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Asia. Cost-effective, affordable and sustainable interventions appropriate for LMICs are available to address this newly recognized and significant killer of children. Large numbers of these deaths could be prevented annually if these drowning interventions were included in current country programmes. The prevention of these drowning deaths, which mostly occur in early childhood, would result in a rapid decrease in early childhood mortality and contribute to meeting Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG4). In older children, where drowning is a leading cause of death before adolescence, it would allow a larger proportion of children to reach adulthood.


A study of attitudes towards residential care in Cambodia

Launched: February 2012
Publisher: UNICEF Cambodia

The number of institutions and children living in residential care in Cambodia continues to rise. Since 2005, Cambodia has seen a 75% increase in number of residential care facilities for children. Yet in the past five years, 44% of children placed in residential care were brought by their parents. This study looks at why families are choosing to place children in residential care, why the number of facilities continues to grow and what can be done to strengthen families and communities to care for children instead.


Child Disciplinary Practices at Home
Publish Year: March 2011

Existing studies suggest that exposing a child to violent discipline has harmful consequences for the victim as well as the society in which he or she lives. They show that even mild forms of physical discipline are harmful to children, hindering their cognitive capacity and increasing the proclivity for future violent acts. Violent psychological discipline – including ridicule, threats and intimidation – has also been shown to have a range of negative behavioural impacts in childhood and beyond. Click to read.

Report Card 9 - The Children Left Behind
Publish year: 2010
Publisher: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre
Language: English

A landmark report by the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre has found that children in many wealthy European nations and the United States suffer greater inequality than children in numerous industrialized nations. Italy, the United States, Greece, Belgium and the United Kingdom, for example, are seen to be allowing their most vulnerable children to fall much further behind than countries like Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Switzerland and the Netherlands. The report argues that the consequences of ‘falling behind’ are enormous for children, as they are for the economy and societies. Click to download the full report.


From Commitment to Action
Publish year: 2010
Publisher: UNICEF, Religions for Peace
Language: English

Working together, we are committed to ensuring that all societies uphold the rights and advance the well-being of children. In particular, we recognize that religious communities can be unique and irreplaceable agents in protecting and nurturing children. In addition to caring for today’s children, religious communities have the capacity to shape the priorities of future generations to uphold children’s rights. Click to download the full report.

Progress for Children

Publication year: 2009
Publisher: UNICEF
Languages: English

It is now two decades since the landmark Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted. As we mark its 20th anniversary this year, this edition of Progress for Children provides key information on child protection. While progress has been made, each child still suffering must inspire us to greater urgency until the Convention’s protections extend to every child, everywhere. Click to download the full report.


Reversing the Trend : Child Trafficking in East and Southeast Asia
Publication year: 2009
Publisher: UNICEF East Asia & Pacific
Languages: English

This report is a regional assessment of UNICEF’s efforts to address child trafficking, drawing on country assessments conducted in China, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam in early 2008. It also highlights trends, gaps, lessons learned, promising and good practices across the region. Despite varying contexts and different experiences across these countries.  Click to download the report.

East Asia and the Pacific Regional Preparatory Meeting for the World Congress III against Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents
Publication year: 2008
Publisher: ECPAT International, UNESCAP, UNICEF East Asia & Pacific
Languages: English

The EAP Regional Preparatory Meeting mirrored the structure and process of the World Congress at the regional level, providing regional stakeholders with an opportunity to assess progress and review emerging trends in order to refine conceptual and practical tools for combating sexual exploitation of children at national, regional and global levels. As for the World Congress, the regional preparatory meeting also intended to arrive at a proposed list of achievable and measurable targets to ensure more focused and concerted measures would be taken by various stakeholders against sexual exploitation of children. Click to download the report.

Machel Study 10-Year Strategic Review: Children and conflict in a changing world
The 1996 Machel Study challenged the world to recognize that "war affects every right of the child." This follow-up report analyses the progress – and challenges – of the subsequent decade. More than 40 UN agencies, non-governmental organizations and...

Ending Exploitation: The East Asia Regional Project Abuse, Exploitation and Trafficking of Children
Booklet that highlights achievements across the region as part of the East Asia Regional Project Against Abuse, Exploitation and Trafficking of Children, supported by the Italian government.

Everyday fears: A study of children’s perceptions of living in the southern border area of Thailand
The study found that the children suffer anxiety and stress associated with the ongoing threat andanticipation of violence, as well as their own violent experiences and their proximity to places vulnerableto violent attacks. Their everyday experiences...

Guidance note of the Secretary‐General UN: Approach to justice for children
This note provides the guiding principles and framework for UN justice for children activities at the national level that apply in all circumstances, including in conflict prevention, crisis, postcrisis, conflict, post-conflict and development contexts.

Someone that matters: The quality of care in childcare institutions in Indonesia
A joint report released by DEPSOS, Save the Children and UNICEF is the first ever comprehensive research into the quality of care in childcare institutions in Indonesia. The report provides a detailed assessment of 37 childcare institutions across 6 provi

Taking forward the recommendations of the UN Secretary General’s global study on violence against children
The East Asia and Pacific regional meeting entitled Taking Forward the Recommendations of the UN Secretary General’s Global Study on Violence against Children’, held during6-7 March 2008, gathered 39 participants from Save the Children Alliance and...

Child protection programme strategy and programming process
This paper represents the outcome of a consultative process involving child protection officers..

Justice for Children : Detention as a Last Resort : Innovative Initiatives in the East Asia and Pacific Region
This document highlights a number of initiatives in East Asia and the Pacific to bring their juvenile justice systems in line with international standards and to fully safeguard the basic rights of children who come into contact with the law.

Protecting the rights of children in conflict with the law
This publication provides information on the Organisations that are members of the Juvenile Justice Panel, their missions and activities. It also presents innovative practices in areas like legal support, capacity building and advocacy.

Child sexual abuse and commercial sexual exploitation of children in the Pacific: A regional report. 2006
This report aims to stir Pacific leaders, government officials, civil society organizations and individuals to take up the challenge of protecting children. This report also aims to serve as a foundation upon which to base further research.

Alternative care for children without primary caregivers in tsunami-affected countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar and Thailand. 2006
The report provides a framework of laws and implementing guidelines for protecting children, highlights existing alternative care options, reviews the situation of orphanages and residential centres and offers recommendations for alternative care models.

Children’s work in Cambodia: A challenge for growth and poverty reduction
The report provides an overview of the child labour phenomenon in Cambodia - extent and nature, determinants, and consequences on health and education. It also addresses the national response to child labour and policy options for elimination.

Building walls of protection. 2005
Highlights of the UNICEF East Asia regional project against abuse, exploitation and trafficking of childrn phase I, 2002-2004. A UNICEF collaboration with the Government of Italy towards eliminating the exploitation of children.

Recommendations from children on violence against children. 2005
The booklet presents suggestions children made during the Children's Forum of the Regional Consultation for the UN Global Study on Violence Against Children, 11-12 June 2005 in Bangkok.

Regional assessment on violence against children in East Asia and the Pacific region. 2005
This report introduces the UN global study and presents the UNICEF East Asia and Pacific regional assessment on violence against children. It also includes the international legal framework and findings from each country in the region.

Report on the East Asia and Pacific regional consultation on violence against children. 2005
This document summarizes the three days of discussion in Bangkok in June 2005 on violence against children, which were then fed into the UN Secretary-General's Global Study.

What happened at the East Asia Pacific regional consultation on violence against children? 2005
The booklet reports on facts about the regional consultation, with a review of the under-18 delegates' participation and what was agreed at the close of the regional consultation in June 2005 in Bangkok.

Adult wars, child soldiers. 2002
The report is based on in-depth interviews with 69 current and former child soldiers in six countries in East Asia and the Pacific.



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