Data and statistics

Country fact sheets



A Fair Start For Every Child: How six governments in East Asia and the Pacific solved some of the most stubborn problems facing marginalized children (pdf)
Published: November 2016
Publisher: UNICEF

This study aims to better understand the motivation, success factors, and challenges experienced by six countries in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region, who have made significant shifts in policies and programmes in order to reach the most disadvantaged and marginalized children. It reviews the success factors that enabled the leveraging of political will, resources and partnerships to achieve results in specific communities, and begin expanding to the rest of the country. It also reviews the strategies and actions taken, and documents lessons learned.


  Iodized Salt: Renewing the Focus
Published: October 2016
Publishers: UNICEF, IGN

A new UNICEF/IGN infographic on renewing focus on iodized salt in the Southeast Asia region. Use it to advocate with policy makers for increased political commitment for salt iodisation and to provide guidance on the way forward to programme managers and national stakeholders.


Nutrition-WASH Toolkit – Guide for Practical Joint Actions 
Published: June 2016
Publisher: UNICEF

The recent and increasing body of evidence indicates a strong relationship between poor WASH and stunting, and stresses the need for joint Nutrition and WASH interventions for improving nutrition outcomes. Responding to growing demand for practical guidance on joint Nutrition – WASH programming and actions, this EAPRO led WASH-Nutrition Toolkit is the first of such resources for use by national and local government authorities, UNICEF staff, NGOs and other stakeholders. The toolkit summarizes the latest evidence base on the rationale and importance of joint programming as well as practical steps on how to strengthen joint WASH and Nutrition programming and actions, including a process for developing a joint Theory of Change.

Documents included:

1. Nutrition-WASH Toolkit – Guide for Practical Joint Actions
2. EAPRO Nutrition-WASH Toolkit Brochure
3. Resources and references 1
4. Resources and references 2


Nutrition Upstream. Improving Policies, Programmes, and Partnerships for Maternal and Child Nutrition in Asia
Published: October 2016
Publishers: UNICEF

The partnership between UNICEF and the EU through the Maternal and Young Child Nutrition Security Initiative in Asia (2011-2015) provided with an opportunity to document UNICEF upstream work on Nutrition in Asia through 10 case studies in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Nepal, and the Philippines. The research shows that UNICEF upstream engagement for maternal and child nutrition at the national level is positively acknowledged by its national partners, who perceive UNICEF as: 1) the most influential partner, facilitating national governments’ commitment to global nutrition narratives, goals, and good practices; 2) the best coordinator and bridge builder with and among nutrition partners; and 3) the ‘go to’ partner for the latest research and programmatic evidence and guidance. However, nutrition partners find that sometimes UNICEF country teams, which in middle income countries tend to be small, stretch themselves too thin. Partners suggest that in such settings, UNICEF should focus on its strengths - situation analysis, technical advice, policy formulation, strategy design and capacity building - to produce and sustain large scale results for maternal and child nutrition at the national level. In settings where national capacity is weak, UNICEF should also utilize its influence to build stronger partnerships for program scale-up with quality, while monitoring trends and progress for greater accountability


Report of a Workshop on Public Finance for Nutrition in Asia (25-27 April 2016, Bangkok, Thailand)

Published: August 2016
Publishers: UNICEF, Scaling up Nutrition (SUN) Movement

The report summarizes the technical content of the workshop, highlights key principles, lessons and way forward. The workshop was jointly organized by UNICEF and the SUN Movement Secretariat, aimed to accelerate the efforts of Asian countries in the SUN movement to increase the dialogue and alignment among sectors by reporting on multi-sectoral nutrition budgets and costs of multi-sectoral nutrition plans, addressing the issue of decentralized public finance, and contributing to making the investment case for nutrition. It also aimed to make a contribution to strengthening public finance management systems and procedures for improved nutrition.


Meeting Report: The East Asia Pacific Regional Workshop on Achievement of Universal Salt Iodization for Optimal Iodine Nutrition 
Published: May 2016
Publishers: UNICEF, IGN, GAIN, MI

The East Asia and Pacific region has experienced remarkable improvements in iodine status during the last years. However, some countries have yet to achieve optimal iodine nutrition, and the sustainability of iodine deficiency disorder elimination is, or may be, at risk in several others. This meeting report summarizes the status of Universal Salt Iodization in the region, emerging issues and lessons learned from the different countries. It also includes a number of planned future actions from countries to sustain, improve or expand their salt iodization programmes.


Regional Report on Nutrition Security in ASEAN Volume 1

Regional Report on Nutrition Security in ASEAN Volume 2

Published: March 2016

The Asia and Pacific region has made considerable economic gains over the past several decades. However, in ASEAN countries, an average of 31.5% of children under 5 years of age are affected by stunting. This amounts to a staggering 17.7 million children. These children are more susceptible to illness, facing greater threats to their survival in their early years when they are most vulnerable. The Reports aim to generate awareness on sensitive issues related to the gaps in achieving the best results in food security and nutrition.


Prevention and Treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition in East Asia and the Pacific

Published: March 2016

In this region, despite economic growth and achievements in health and nutrition indicators, maternal and child undernutrition rates and burden remain extremely high. The annual estimated number of cases of severe wasting in EAPR countries is over six million, but the indirect coverage of the treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is less than 2%. The publication is a meeting report of the Regional Consultation “Prevention and Treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Asia and the Pacific” that was held in Bangkok, Thailand, on June 24-26, 2015, and was attended by 11 countries from the region. The presentations can be found at this link:


Achievements of the Maternal and Young Child Nutrition Security Initiative in Asia MYCNSIA 2011-2015 (pdf)
Published: October 2015

This publication highlights the key achievements, challenges and lessons learned of the 5-year partnership of UNICEF and the EU in Asia (five countries, including Bangladesh, Nepal, Lao PDR, Philippines and Indonesia, as well as regional accomplishments). These achievements contribute to cross-country learning in the region, particularly for SUN countries that are working on multi-sector engagement for nutrition.


Review of National Legislation for Universal Salt Iodization: South Asia and East Asia and the Pacific (pdf)
Published: July 2015

The objective of the review was to document existing salt iodisation legislation in countries from these regions, to identify weaknesses and strengths of existing legislation, and to enumerate considerations that could contribute to strengthening salt iodisation legislation in these countries.


Management of Severe Acute Malnutrition in children (pdf)

Published: June 2015

This document aims to provide practical guidance required at the country level to establish and continue scaling up the management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) using an approach that is embedded within existing systems and which serves to strengthen them. This Guidance Document outlines a step-by-step process through which countries can analyze their current situation, identify barriers and bottlenecks, and plan action to scale-up treatment. 

Strategic Approach to Nutrition Programming in the East Asia and Pacific Region 2014-2025
Published: May 2015

The purpose of the Regional Strategic Approach to Nutrition Programming is to guide UNICEF country offices in the EAP region in accelerating progress in reducing child undernutrition and preventing overnutrition through both nutrition specific and sensitive interventions in multiple sectors. It may also serve as advocacy and technical resource for national governments and partners on why nutrition is important for human, economic and social development and what needs to be done based on the latest evidence and the current EAP context, with recommended approaches on how to design, deliver and monitor the interventions. 

Vol. 1 Strategic Approach and Implementation Guidance (pdf)
This publication articulates 7 packages of nutrition specific and sensitive interventions for different contexts and provides specific implementation guidance on how effective nutrition specific and sensitive interventions can be scaled up.

Vol. 2 Situation Analysis (pdf)
The publication contains a detailed analysis of nutrition situation and status of the main determinants of nutrition in region, with available data as of 2014.

Vol.3 Evidence (pdf)
The publication summarizes the available science on the causes and consequences of maternal and child under and over nutrition and the evidence base for each intervention proposed in the set of 7 packages.


Food and nutrition security profiles in East Asia and Pacific
Published: April 2014

These country profiles aim to raise awareness on the food and nutrition security situation in the region and serve as an advocacy tool to influence decision making in this area. The profiles cover quantitative and qualitative information using existing data at country level as well as international sources. All profiles are in pdf fomat.

- Brunei Darussalam
- Cambodia
- China
- Cook Islands
DPR Korea
- Fiji
- Indonesia
- Laos
- Malaysia
- Marshall Islands
- Micronesia
- Mongolia
- Myanmar
- Nauru
- Niue
- Palau
- Papua New Guinea
- Philippines
- Singapore
- Solomon Islands
- Thailand
- Timor Leste
- Tokelau
- Tonga
- Tuvalu
- Vanuatu
- Viet Nam 


The State of the World's Children 2014 in Numbers: Every Child Counts (pdf)
Published:  January 2014

The report highlights the importance of data in making progress for children and exposing the unequal access to services and protections that mars the lives of so many. It also notes that "being counted makes children visible, and this act of recognition makes it possible to address their needs and advance their rights." It adds that innovations in data collection, analysis and dissemination are making it possible to disaggregate data by such factors as location, wealth, sex, and ethnic or disability status, to include children who have been excluded or overlooked by broad averages. 

Multi-sectoral Approaches to Nutrition: Nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions to accelerate progress (pdf)
Published: January 2014

When multiplied across an entire nation, it is estimated that poor nutrition can reduce a nation’s economic advancement by at least 8 percent due to direct productivity losses, and losses due to reduced schooling and poorer cognition. By improving nutrition, we can build human capital and fuel economic growth for generations to come. However, nutrition’s full impact can only be unleashed when all sectors do their part. Other related publications are as follows:


Breastfeeding on the Worldwide Agenda: Executive Summary (pdf) 

Published: 2013

There is compelling scientific evidence that optimal breastfeeding of infants under one year could prevent around a million deaths of children under-five in the developing world. Yet global rates of breastfeeding rates have remained stagnant. What can the global breastfeeding policy community do?

Regulatory monitoring systems of fortified salt and wheat flour in selected ASEAN countries (pdf)
Published: June 2013

Considerable efforts have been made over the past decade to address vitamin and mineral deficiencies. An increasing number of countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are adopting mandatory food fortification as one of the primary strategies to overcome these deficiencies.

Impoving Child Nutrition: The achievable imperative for global progress (pdf)
Published: April 2013

Stunting affects 165 million children under 5 years of age around the world, and it can trap those children in a vicious cycle of poverty and undernutrition. Yet, key interventions when delivered during a critical 1,000-day window – during the mother’s pregnancy and before a child turns 2 ‒ can lead to a reduced prevalence of stunting.

Improving Nutrition Security in Asia: An EU-UNICEF Joint Action (pdf)
Launched: June 2012
Publishers: European Union and UNICEF

More than a third of children under 5 years of age in East and South Asia are stunted: they are too short for their age because of long-term insufficient nutrient intake and frequent infections. The European Union (EU) and UNICEF have joined forces to improve nutrition security in the region.

Child Mortality Report 2011 (pdf)
Publication year: September 2011
Publishers: UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN Population Division

Child mortality is a key indicator not only of child health and nutrition but also of the implementation of child survival interventions and, more broadly, of social and economic development. This report presents the latest estimates of under-five, infant and neonatal mortality and assesses progress towards MDG 4.

Facts for Life (pdf)
Publication year: 2010

The publication provides life-saving information to families and communities on how to prevent child and maternal deaths, diseases, injuries and violence. Now in its fourth edition, 'Facts for Life' has benefitted millions of individuals and communities since its first publication in 1989. 

Tracking Progress on Child and Maternal Nutrition (pdf)
Publication year: 2009
Publisher: UNICEF 

With more than 1 billion people suffering from malnutrition and hunger, international leadership and urgent action are needed. Global commitments on food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture are part of a wider international agenda that will help address the critical issues.



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