Providing Paediatric Treatment

© UNICEF/ HQ06-1323/Versiani
Children dance in the playroom at GAPA (AIDS Prevention and Support Group) in Brazil, where many are being treated with anti-retroviral therapy.

The facts

In 2011,

What is the response?

In the developing world, children are less likely than adults to be tested for HIV and receive antiretroviral treatment. Children born to HIV-positive women, whether HIV-infected or not, have increased risk of morbidity and mortality. And poverty, isolation and distance from health care facilities can place them beyond the reach of life-saving care. Partners must work together so that HIV exposed children are identified early and provided with follow-up treatment, care and support throughout childhood, and into adolescence and adulthood.

What is UNICEF doing?

Scaling up early infant diagnosis and providing simplified HIV treatment for children is at the forefront of UNICEF’s efforts to ensure that children living with the virus receive the care they need. UNICEF is committed to advance treatment, care and support for all children born to women with HIV, working within a broader child health agenda.



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By 2015, provide antiretroviral therapy for all HIV infected children.



VCT: Voluntary conselling and testing

ART: Antiretroviral treatment or therapy

ANC: Antenatal care

ARV: Antiretroviral drugs

DBS: Dried Blood Spot

What's new?