Real Time Evaluation : Gender-Based Violence Programming in Emergencies
Grade : L 4
In 2005, after 5 years of civil war, the signing of the Peace Accords in South Africa (Sun City) paved the way for setting up a transitional government. This contributed to the reunification of the country, and a certain political and social stability, although the East of the country continues to live in a virtually perpetual state of belligerence since 1998, characterized by recurring violations of the cease fire and militias wreaking havoc upon the local population, particularly through sexual violence that has increased exponentially during the years of war. After presidential and parliamentary elections (national and provincial) took place in 2006, the third republic of Congo (the Democratic Republic of Congo) was founded.
The Conference on Peace, Security and Development that took place in Goma (CPSD) at the end of January 2008 and the agreement of a ceasefire between the main belligerent parties, paved the way for renewed hope of peace and stability in all provinces of the DRC. However, conflict between the CNDP and the FARDC flared up again in September – December, displacing hundreds of thousands of people yet again. The overall number of displaced in DRC due to this state of affairs is currently estimated at 1.3 million. Finally, peace negotiations resulted in the Fast-Track Integration of CNDP and other armed groups into the FARDC January – March 2009, and an agreement was reached between the CNDP and the GoDRC in March.
Sexual violence against girls and women, as well as boys and men, is a pervasive human rights and public health problem across DRC. In the conflict zone of eastern DRC, sexual violence has been used as a weapon of war and defines the devastating experience of thousands of girls and women in flight, in IDP camps, and host communities. Sexual violence can have lasting physical, psycho-social, and economic consequences for girls, women and their communities. Survivors face potential risks of STIs including HIV, unwanted pregnancies, traumatic fistula, as well as rejection by families and communities, and economic isolation. In the case of eastern DRC, where sexual violence has been used to destroy the social fabric of the community, it effectively becomes a barrier to reconstruction and development.
Since 2003, UNICEF has been a leader in GBV prevention and response programming in DRC, working in collaboration with government, civil society and sister UN agencies. The comprehensive response provided to survivors of sexual violence includes access to medical care, psycho-social support, reintegration assistance, and referrals to legal counseling. Through this multi-sectoral approach, UNICEF funds survivors’ access to services and supports capacity building of service providers to provide appropriate care. For example, training health providers on the clinical management of rape protocols and the distribution of post-exposure prophylactics (PEP) are essential to ensuring that girls and women receive the care they require. Mobile clinics and outreach efforts strive to reach women and girls in remote areas. The prevention of sexual violence also entails a multi-pronged approach: support to the Ministry of Gender, Family and Children’s advocacy efforts, to community awareness-raising and mass mobilization (including the involvement of men) through NGO programs, and to dedicated campaigns.
In light of UNICEF’s ongoing Gender-Based Violence work in emergency settings, a Real Time Evaluation of the GBV response in an acute emergency is essential for knowledge management and revising our preparedness strategy for future crises.
This RTE should assess to what extent UNICEF upheld its responsibilities for emergency response to sexual violence during armed conflict and displacement in the Kivus and propose recommendations for preparedness and response in the future. The results will contribute to UNICEF’s internal knowledge management, to the sexual violence component of the EPRP, and to cluster coordination efforts.
3. Geographic coverage
North and South Kivu
4. Results: principle questions and deliverables
Principle questions the RTE should address
5. Existing materials
IASC Guidelines on GBV and on MHPSS
6. RTE Methodology
1 month: 2 weeks in DRC, 2 weeks in consultant’s base
8. Necessary qualifications
Les dossiers de candidature devront comprendre une lettre de motivation, un curriculum vitae détaillé, un formulaire P11 dûment complété (en annexe), les photocopies des diplômes et attestations des services rendus, les coordonnées de contact telles que l’adresse physique, les numéros de téléphone fixe et cellulaires, les références et tout autre document renseignant sur la carrière du candidat.
Les dossiers seront adressés au Chargé des Ressources Humaines et envoyés à l’adresse électronique ci-après : firstname.lastname@example.org ou déposés au Bureau de l’UNICEF Kinshasa, sis Boulevard du 30 Juin n° 87 à Kinshasa/Gombe ou au bureau provincial de l’UNICEF le plus proche.
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