The children

Infancy (0-5 years)

School age (6-12 years)

Teenagers (13-18 years old)


School age (6-12 years)

© © UNICEF/Djibouti/Pirozzi/51
The distribution between girls and boys enrolment at school, it is still around 45 and 55% respectively

The 2000 law makes school compulsory from the age of six to the age of sixteen. The truth is that only a little more than one child in two goes to school in Djibouti.
In spite of the efforts made by the Djibouti government since the early 2000 to improve access to school, with the support of international partners in the building of schools, the poor distribution of schools throughout the nation remains an important issue. In rural areas, the schools are usually so distant that the parents hesitate to let their children cover so long distances.


 As for the quality of education in terms of teaching practices, school environment, there still are important serious obstacles to confront. In fact, classrooms which are officially meant to accommodate 40 students for one teacher are far larger in numbers with much truancy on the part of teachers. Short initial training and marginal in-service training have a negative impact on the quality of education .The recurrent issue of lack of pedagogic equipment and school supplies has been partly solved by annual donations of school kits the perennity of which still remains a challenge.


School environment is besides not motivating enough and is not sufficiently friendly to help keep pupils there. In most rural schools, access to potable water and sanitation remain major challenges.

This situation affects young girls the most; they are the ones who are left out by the system in particular. This is demonstrated by the distribution between girls and boys enrolment at school, it is still around 45 and 55% respectively. The study of the obstacles to girls’ reveal causes relative to the offer of education which, most of the time are gender-biased for girls: the schools are far and the roads little safe, separate sanitation systems for girls and boys are inexistent (example of bathrooms), access to water and other factors that eventually reinforce parent’s reluctance to take their daughters to school.




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