Travel and tourism
Travel and tourism is globally one of the most significant sectors, especially for emerging economies, as highlighted in three of the Sustainable Development Goals. Travel and tourism represents 9.8% of global GDP and 284 million jobs, or 1 in 11 jobs in the world. By 2030, the sector is predicted to reach 1.8 billion travellers annually.
To achieve the potential of the sector, a concerted effort by industry bodies and individual companies is needed to understand how children are affected - positively and negatively - by their business operations and value chains. For example, the International Labour Organisation reports that women represent 50%-70% of the workforce, and half of tourism's employees are under 25 years of age, yet that tourism's decent work challenges must be addressed.
As set out by the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights [PDF] and the Children's and Rights Business Principles [PDF], UNICEF seeks to expand Travel and tourism's respect and support of children's rights as a priority sector. Over the last decade there has been considerable efforts on particular child protection concerns, and now greater attention is needed to the broader range of impacts of tourism on children's rights. For example, in addition to the child protection and decent work concerns, the industry plays an important role in environmental protection measures essential to children's well-being. Ensuring the sustainability of the destination, not just the visit, is a sector imperative.