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Children and Women in Chad

Country programme 2012-2016

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Children and Women in Chad

girl
© UNICEF Chad/2012/Ouoba

Under 18 years old children make up 57% of Chad's 11.3 million population. Out of 10 people, 6 are children and 2 are under five years old. Due to weak social protection mechanisms, poverty and deprivation have direct consequences on the survival of children and women. Chad is the fifth country in the world with the highest under five mortality rate after Somalia, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Sierra Leone. 219 under five years old children die every day. 1 child out of 10 die before his/her first birthday and 17 out of 100 die before their fifth birthday. Infant mortality ratio is 175 per 1,000 live births. The source of these deaths is manifold. Among others, many children are exposed to deadly diseases like cholera, malaria, diphtheria, and meningitis. Only 1 out of 10 children sleeps under a mosquito net, and only 1 out of 5 children has received the combined diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine (DPT-3). Furthermore, polio outbreak resurfaced in 2010 with 26 cases reported. These issues are exacerbated by recurrent extreme weather conditions such as droughts and floods, which speed up the spread of deadly diseases and malnutrition. Between 2005 and 2010, chronic malnutrition increased from 28 per cent to 39 per cent and acute malnutrition grew from 14.6 per cent to over 16 per cent, including 6.3 per cent children with severe acute malnutrition. In terms education, the primary school net attendance rate was only 51.8 per cent in 2010, and only 5 out of 10 children completed primary school.

© UNICEF/2011/Esteve

Regarding the women of Chad, statistics on their situation are very concerning. Maternal mortality rate is one of the highest in the world at 1,200 per 100,000 live births. Only 23 per cent of women were assisted by a qualified personnel while giving birth in 2010. However, the fertility rate is among the highest in the world with an average of 6.9 children per woman, while the average in Africa is 4.5 and 2.5 in the world. In addition to that, the lack of supportive policies, institutional mechanisms, and legal frameworks to protect women is very striking in Chad. 3 out of 10 women are married before the age of 15, and 2 out of 5 women have undergone some form of female genital mutilation. In addition to that, only 1 out of 10 young women aged 15 to 25 has a comprehensive knowledge of HIV prevention. HIV prevalence among young people aged 15 to 24 yeqrs is 2.5 per cent for women and 1 per cent for men. Finally, regarding illiteracy, 4 out of 5 young women aged 15 to 24 are illiterate.  

 

 
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