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Reference Guide on Protecting the Rights of Child Victims of Trafficking in Europe

Reference Guide on protecting the rights f children of trafficking in Europe

The UNICEF Regional Office for Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CEE/CIS) is pleased to present the Reference Guide on Protecting the Rights of Child Victims of Trafficking in Europe, a new tool designed specifically for use by those working to protect children victims of trafficking within the European region.

Human trafficking is not a new phenomenon nor is it one that occurs only in select countries or regions. Yet, one of the most significant conclusions derived from years of research and information-gathering on trafficking is that in order to prevent trafficking and protect the rights of those most vulnerable – children – one must understand trafficking in the context of the unique socio-cultural-political realities that influence its practice in countries and communities worldwide.

To that extent, this Guide addresses the protection of the rights of child victims of trafficking in the European region. Furthermore, the Guide is exceptional in that it has been designed for utilization by a broad range of child rights advocates – whether one is a child protection worker in Ukraine, a social worker in Russia, a border patrol officer in Albania, a driver in Moldova or a parliamentarian in Brussels.

In essence, the Guide can be viewed as a tool that provides:
• a deeper understanding of the business of trafficking
• a checklist of what to do when dealing with child victims of trafficking
• recommendations for interventions that respect and account for the special rights and needs of child victims of trafficking.

Reference Guide on Protecting the Rights of Child Victims of Trafficking in Europe
[Click on each chapter to download the PDF]

Contents - List of Acronyms Glossary
Chapter 1
Introduction to Child Trafficking and UNICEF Guidelines
Chapter 2
Essential Information about Child Trafficking
Chapter 3
Preventing Child Trafficking
Chapter 4
Identification of Children Who Have Been Trafficked
Chapter 5
Appointment of a Guardian
Chapter 6
Questioning, Interviews and Initial Action
Chapter 7
Referral and Coordination/Cooperation
Chapter 8
Interim Care and Protection
Chapter 9
Regularization of Status
Chapter 10
Individual Case Assessment and Identification of a Durable Solution
Chapter 11
Implementation of a Durable Solution
Chapter 12
Access to Justice Protection
Chapter 13
Victime/Witness Security and Protection

Guidelines and Checklists for Professionals
Check list for immigration officers (border officials) to assess whether a child is ‘at risk’ of being trafficked
Check list for guardians: roles and responsibilities
Guidelines for professionals conducting interviews with child victims of trafficking about possible crimes committed against them (forensic interviews)
Guidelines on determining whether a return to family and/or country of origin is in the child’s best interests
Guidelines for law enforcement and justice officials on involving trafficked children in legal proceedings
Example of professional code of conduct for safeguarding children and young people

Annex 1
Guidelines for Protection of the Rights of Child Victims of Trafficking
Annex 2
Selected excerpts from European regional instruments
Annex 3
Example of a National Referral Mechanism – United Nations Administered Province of Kosovo
Annex 4
Agreement between the Government of the Hellenic Republic and the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Albania for the protection and assistance of children victims of trafficking
Annex 5
Resource List

For more information, please contact

Lynn Geldof
Regional Communication Adviser, UNICEF Regional Office for CEE/CIS
Work: (+ 4122) 909 5429

Christyne Stuckey-Bahringer
Communication Consultant, UNICEF Regional Office for CEE/CIS
Work: (+ 4122) 909 5433



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