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Chernobyl Anniversary: UNICEF says iodine could have spared many children from thyroid cancer.

© UNICEF/SWZK00924/ Yazhuk
“I got acquainted with Olga in the Cancer Center in Borovlyany. When I came in I saw a small slender girl. She did not have a leg. I experienced a great shock and I even slapped my face” says young photographer Sasha Yazhuk for Ukraine, aged 14.

GENEVA, Wednesday 19 April, 2006: As the 20th anniversary of Chernobyl approaches, UNICEF says that the numbers of children who developed thyroid cancer could have been significantly lower if they had been consuming iodized salt in their daily diet at the time of the accident.

Calling for universal salt iodization, Maria Calivis, UNICEF Regional Director for Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CEE/CIS) noted: “For the 4,000 children in question, iodized salt could have made all the difference. Many would have been spared from thyroid cancer.

“And amid all the other vast numbers - 400,000 people uprooted from their homes; five million still living in contaminated areas; 100,000 still dependent on humanitarian aid - it is too easy to overlook what is small: a drop of iodine costing just a few cents.”

The areas affected by Chernobyl were iodine deficient before the disaster, and are still iodine deficient today. Despite many efforts to get legislation passed on universal salt iodization (USI) in Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine, the issue is still being debated.

“After twenty years, there can be no excuse for further delay,” said chess Grand Master Anatoly Karpov, UNICEF Regional Ambassador. “Universal salt iodization is the most effective way to ensure that every child gets enough iodine. It is also the cheapest way – costing only 4 US cents per person, per year. Just one teaspoon of iodine consumed over the course of a lifetime can provide a high degree of protection against a range of iodine deficiency disorders.”

Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) are the world’s leading cause of mental retardation and can lower the average IQ of a population by as much as 15 points. IDD is a danger to pregnant women and young children. Even mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy can affect foetal brain development and, as a result, up to 2.4 million babies are born each year in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States with mental impairment.

UNICEF is urging the governments of Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine, to legislate for universal salt iodization and is working with salt producers and the general public to raise awareness of the importance of iodine.

My school – a photo by Tina Dushko of Belarus, aged 12, one of 12 young participants in a recent UNICEF-supported photographic workshop marking the 20th anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster.

Information equals power

UNICEF also backs the spread of reliable information for those affected by the Chernobyl disaster.

“The health issues go beyond the direct impact of Chernobyl to the enduring psychological and health problems that resulted from sudden dislocation and the loss of livelihood,” said Maria Calivis.

“Information equals power. Give people the facts and they can make informed decisions about their health and the health of their children.”

UNICEF supports life-skills education in schools and communities in some affected areas – working to ensure that children and young people have good information on a whole range of issues, from drug abuse to food safety.”


For more information:

Angela Hawke, Communication Officer, UNICEF CEE/CIS
Tel: (+ 4122) 909 5433, Email:






UNICEF Deputy Executive Director Kul Gautam explains why UNICEF is calling for salt iodization to protect children from Chernobyl’s effects in Belarus, Ukraine and the Russian Federation.

Read more
Protecting Children from the Impact of Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster Statement by Mr. Kul C. Gautam

28 April 2006: UNICEF Executive Director Ann M. Veneman addresses a UN General Assembly special meeting observing the 20th anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster.

Related pages

Russian version

Background note: UNICEF response to the Chernobyl disaster

General story on Chernobyl           



Sergei Kravchenko, 14

Elena Kovaleva, 15

Viktoria Prishep, 17

Vitaly Sigaev, 13


Protecting Children from the Impact of Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster Statement by Mr. Kul C. Gautam, Deputy Executive Director, UNICEF

From 2-7 March 2006, UNICEF held a photo workshop for children aged 12-17 from the three countries hardest hit by the disaster: Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine.


Iodine Deficiency in CEE/CIS: The Issue

IDD resource package

The proof of the pudding…
UNICEF’s study tour to Switzerland convinced Moldovan delegates to use iodized salt in processed food.


Related links

The Elimination of Iodine Deficiency
Resource Package for the CEE/CIS and Baltic States


Sights and Sounds of Long Shadow of Chernobyl
National Geographic


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