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Humanitarian Action Report 2005: Georgia

© UNICEF/SWZK00512/Pirozzi
A Georgian girl

Critical Issues for Children

Within the territory of Georgia, two areas are affected by the consequences of unresolved conflicts: Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

With no progress made towards settling the conflicts, women and children in both regions live in an ongoing emergency.
Although formally in place, health services are deprived of any means to assist the population. Hospitals, polyclinics and maternity facilities are all in desperate need of rehabilitation and all existing equipment is either broken or outdated. The low quality of education for children in the conflict zones is also a constant concern. Many children whose parents are overwhelmed with the task of basic survival are left to cope on their own, and there has been a reported increase in violence and abuse within families. The general collapse of social services has resulted in a lack of any form of psychosocial support or social protection for the most vulnerable parts of the population. The volatile security situation in Abkhazia and South Ossetia also compounds the lack of regular external aid.


Planned Humanitarian Action for 2006

In the conflict-affected areas of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, UNICEF works with UNHCR, UNV, UNDP and WFP to ensure a strong inter-agency partnership in all interventions. With the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) especially, UNICEF collaborates closely in the transport and distribution of essential medical and student/teacher materials to health facilities and schools throughout Abkhazia.


Health and Nutrition: UNICEF will provide obstetric and midwifery kits to the main maternity facilities in South Ossetia, and will train health care workers to implement Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) in maternity facilities and children’s polyclinics. UNICEF will also support exclusive breastfeeding and nutrition programmes, and distribute iron, iodine and vitamin A tablets to children and pregnant women.


Water and Environmental Sanitation: UNICEF will distribute safe water tanks and calcium hypochlorite to all schools and health centres in South Ossetia. UNICEF will also promote health and hygiene education, and distribute de-worming tablets to children in the conflict zones through schools and immunization programmes.


Education: UNICEF will train elementary and secondary school teachers in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in interactive learning methods. UNICEF will also provide basic teacher and student supplies and UNICEF school-in-box and recreation kits.


Protection: UNICEF will support youth centres in Abkhazia and South Ossetia to develop projects aimed at confidence building, leadership skills, conflict resolution and empowerment of the youth. UNICEF will also train community-based social service providers in psychosocial support and counselling for children and youth. Finally, UNICEF will support the development of mine risk education communication materials and will expand the annual UNICEF-funded summer camp for child landmine survivors.


UNICEF 2006 Emergency Needs for Abkhazia & South Ossetia

-- Health and nutrition: $350,000
-- Water and environmental sanitation: $300,000
-- Education: $300,000
-- Child protection: $430,000
-- Programme support: $50,000
-- Total: $1,430,000

(The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 12%) 

For more information:

Maya Kurtsikidze, Communication Officer, tel: (+95 32) 23 23 8, email:






Humanitarian Action Report (PDF)
(Please note: 199 pages)

Press Release

Summary on North Caucasus


Emergencies in CEE/CIS


UNICEF in Action


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