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Facts on Swine Flu

UNICEF is working with WHO and partners, coordinated by the UN System Influenza Coordinator (UNSIC), to prepare countries for an appropriate response to the emergence of the 2009 Influenza Virus (H1N1) as a pandemic threat. “The value of UNICEF, in addition to WHO, is that it has the capacity to work with local communities to get the message through about what people can do to protect themselves,” said UNICEF Senior Health Advisor Dr. Osman David Mansoor.  

In collaboration with national governments, partners and a range of stakeholders including civil society, UNICEF has prepared pandemic communication resource material to bring critical information on pandemic preparedness to families and communities. In the CEECIS region many countries have prepared such material.  

On 11 June 2009, WHO declared phase 6: the start of a pandemic. On 24 April used the International Health Regulations 2005 to declare a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern”, and changed the pandemic alert status to phase 4 on 27 April and to phase 5 on 29 April based on evidence of sustained virus spread in the United States as well as in Mexico. Despite spread of the virus, with 74 countries reporting nearly 30,000 confirmed cases by 11 June, response measures appear to have controlled further spread.

Avian influenza H5N1

The threat of H5N1 virus remains. UNICEF also has pandemic-relevant material, including descriptions of various communication campaigns, in its site on avian influenza, as the concern about the H5N1 avian influenza virus adapting to humans and causing a pandemic remains.

After a pandemic virus emerges and spreads around the globe, it stays and usually replaces the Influenza A virus that had been causing seasonal flu. Thus, the pandemic virus becomes seasonal influenza as the world's population acquires immunity over the pandemic strain. It causes a pandemic because there is little or no immunity in the human population to the new virus. However, after several waves of spread, there is sufficient immunity to the new pandemic virus that in subsequent years it causes seasonal influenza that usually replaces the previous strain causing seasonal influenza.

© Reuters/China Daily
A teacher demonstrates to children how to wash their hands, as a precautionary measure against influenza infection, at a kindergarten.

ЮНИСЕФ сотрудничает со своими партнерами по ООН в целях повышения готовности к возможной вспышке свиного гриппа. ВОЗ повысила уровень опасности возникновении пандемии с 4-го до 5-го, отмечая широко распространяющуюся передачу вируса от человека человеку и возросшую возможность возникновения пандемии. «Сила ЮНИСЕФ - в качестве партнера ВОЗ - заключается в его способности работать с местными общинами и распространять информацию о том, как люди могут защитить себя», - заявил старший советник по вопросам здравоохранения ЮНИСЕФ д-р Осман Давид Мансур.

В сотрудничестве с национальными правительствами, партнерами и целым рядом заинтересованных сторон, включая организации гражданского общества, ЮНИСЕФ разработал пакет документов, содержащих важные для семей и общин сведения о подготовке к возможной пандемии. Многие страны региона ЦВЕ/СНГ подготовили такие материалы.

Ниже приведены материалы из Азербайджана, Боснии и Герцеговины, Грузии, Молдавии и Турции.



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