Iodine Deficiency (ID)

The Issue

The Challenges

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Resources on Iodine Deficiency


The Challenges

UNICEF Kyrgyzstan
© UNICEF Kyrgyzstan

  • Lack of information. Many people do not know the importance of iodine.

  • Myths. Many people believe that iodised salt will taste different or inferior. Some believe that it is harmful.

  • Concerns on the Russian Federation and Ukraine. Neither country is likely to eliminate ID by 2005, and these two countries account for 50% of the region’s newborns each year. It is estimated that the Russian Federation will lose productivity worth 44 billion roubles (around 1.3 billion Euro) because of the iodine deficiency of children born in the next five years alone. In Ukraine, only 30% of households consume iodised salt.

  • Lack of political commitment and weak enforcement of legislation. Legislation is not enough. It is vital to reform and strengthen regulatory bodies to see that laws are carried out.

  • Forging partnerships with salt producers and consumer groups. Without their full involvement, efforts to tackle ID will not be sustainable.

  • The need for constant maintenance. Achieving salt iodisation is only half the battle. Sustainability is everything. Once the USI target is reached, it must continue to be reached every day, forever.



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