The children

Early years

Primary school years



Primary school years

UNICEF Kyrgyzstan / Eliassen / 2010
© UNICEF Kyrgyzstan / Eliassen / 2010
Children in the south-eastern part of Osh lost their school during June events and now have to study in other schools of Osh town, but they are waiting for a new temporary school to be opened soon in the former building of cafe in their neighbourhood.

The primary school years have their own challenges. Education may be jeopardised by classrooms that have no heating or textbooks, or by poor quality schooling.

It is threatened by the family poverty that stops children – particularly girls in Tajikistan – going to school. And beyond the school walls, many children suffer exploitation, abuse, violence and neglect. Huge numbers live in institutions, separated from their families. Some are trafficked abroad, or work as labourers in streets or fields. And many have been uprooted from their homes by war.

  • Many countries are nearing the Millennium Development Goal 2, achieving universal primary education. Enrollment rates increased by 1- 4 percent in the region between 1999 - 2007, according to the 2010 UNESCO Global Monitoring Report.

  • Only 18 percent of Roma children compared with 75 percent for the majority population attend school. Less than 1 percent go to university.

  • Hundreds of thousands of children live in residential institutions across the region. Many of them are disabled and are segregated into special schools, residential institutions or their homes.

  • More than two million people – most of them women and children – are refugees or internally displaced.

  • Growing numbers of children live and work on the streets. All face discrimination and violence. All are vulnerable to sexual exploitation.

  • Students in the region continue to underperform below their peers in developed western countries with Kyrgyzstan, Azerbajan, Albania, Kazakhstan and Montenegro at the bottom of the ranking.

  • Violence against children is found at home, at school, on the streets and in state institutions.

All data cited are from the State of the World`s Children 2011 unless stated otherwise.

Updated 1 March, 2011



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