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Cambodia Country Kit 2011-2015

Knowledge Digest



Knowledge Digest Issue No. 3

In This Issue:
- New and Noteworthy
- Resources and Publications
- Feature Stories
- Global Reports/UNICEF Collaborations                        

Education.  Emergency Preparedness. Equity.
“Raksa, aged 7, lives with her parents in rural Battambang. As the water started rising during the rainy season, so did the risk of snake bites. One morning while Raksa was sitting on a wooden bed underneath her house, she was bitten on her leg by a king cobra. Her father rushed her to the provincial hospital, however due to the delay in treatment her leg will take years to heal and the incident has cost the family almost 4 million riels ($1,000). In disasters children are often the most vulnerable and adversely affected” based on Cambodia Child Tracker 2013.

© Cambodia National Council for Children/2013

Dear reader,

Welcome to the third Issue of UNICEF Knowledge Digest. As we enter the rainy season with potential for flooding, UNICEF has complied compendium of resources to help us prepare and plan better at all levels - including the household level.

East Asia/Pacific is the most disaster-prone region in the world. The poor and vulnerable are hardest hit during disasters that can set back years of progress in development and poverty reduction. Investment in disaster risk reduction and emergency preparedness makes economic and human development sense. It is about building resilience - increasing the ability of individuals, communities and states to withstand setbacks, reducing the vulnerability of the poorest households to shocks from floods, drought and other crises.

The Cambodian floods of 2011 affected 18 provinces, took 247 lives, destroyed crops and communal infrastructure as well as adversely affected more than 1.2 million people (IFRC, 2 Dec 2012).

With Cambodia's heaviest rainfall yet to arrive, this issue highlights the importance of staying informed for better preparation and highlights essential steps to keep individuals, their families and their property safe and prevent as far as possible the expesive aftermath of natual disasters.

Best regards,
The UNICEF Cambodia Team


New and Noteworthy


UNICEF Annual Report 2012: UNICEF celebrates a year of important firsts in 2012
UNICEF Annual Report 2012 outlines UNICEF’s work to achieve equitable results for children through programmes in more than 150 countries, areas and territories. With regards to emergency preparedness, UNICEF works alongside governments to facilitate education prior to natural disasters, as well as assessing the damage and provision of relief and rehabilitation of water and sanitation, education, nutrition and child protection services. In 2012, UNICEF helped more than 18.8 million people around the globe with emergency relief of safe water.
To download full report, please click HERE.

Resources and Publications


Cambodia Child Tracker – Volume 2
The findings suggest that the 2011 flood had short- and long-term effects on children and their families. At the national level, the flood destroyed infrastructure such as roads, schools, health centres, bridges, irrigation systems, agriculture and economic activities. At community and household levels, the flood not only destroyed people’s properties, productive assets and lives, but seriously affected people’s livelihood activities. Respondents reported about the limited emergency and recovery assistance they received, despite the Government, the Cambodian Red Cross and civil society appearing to have done their utmost to assist people, especially children.
For the full bulletin, please click HERE.

  Cambodia: Post-flood relief and recovery survey, May 2012
The overall measures indicative of community well-being suggest that, in the months since the waters began receding, most households have found ways of coping with the additional, in some cases substantial, burdens caused by the floods. What is also apparent is that the coping strategies that many of these households turned to as a result of the floods—especially the poorest but also those in the middle wealth groups as well—have placed them in a more tenuous financial situation. Their ability to escape from this situation, and indeed the likelihood that they will be able to effectively endure a future shock, will depend largely  on whether they receive  an integrated cross- sectoral support in enhancing their resilience  through activities as  emergency preparedness, awareness and timely relief and recovery assistance when future disasters strike.
For Executive Summary, please click HERE.
To download the full report, please click HERE.
  Snake bite management in Cambodia: Improving Prevention, Clinical treatment and Rehabilitation
During Cambodia’s rainy season, the number of snakes entering into homes increases, and with it the risk of snake bites. This World Health Organisation commissioned paper discusses how snake bite management in Cambodia is presently limited due to there being very little reliable data available on snake bite poisoning, disability and death. The paper references a recent Southeast Asian Ministers of Education, Tropical Medicine and Public Health (SEAMEO TropMed) Network report, which provided data for only two provincial, and two inner city Phnom Penh hospitals. Estimates provided by the Forestry Department in their 2010 report indicate 600 snake bites, 50-80 deaths and 50-150 amputations, however statistics need to be further validated and analysed to improve snake bite management in Cambodia.
To download the full report, please click HERE.
  Poster to Promote Good Hygiene Practices in Cambodia
Studies show that the simple practice of washing hands with soap can reduce diarrheal diseases by over 40 percent. As awareness about the connection between clean water, sanitation, hygiene and health increases in rural Cambodia, further efforts to protect against water-related diseases spread by insects are also on the rise. This poster reminds and encourages all of us to wash hands with soap before preparing food, before eating and after using the toilet. This is especially important in times of natural disaster, where effective sanitation has even greater repercussions.
To download the poster, please click HERE.

Feature Stories

  Fulfilling the demand for safe drinking water in rural arsenic-affected areas
Just 80 metres from the Tunle Touch River in Preak Changkran village, the continuous noise of running water can be heard coming from a bright blue building, positioned between a primary school and a pagoda in Prey Veng province.  This building, centrally located in the village, is the new solar-powered community water treatment and bottling system, that purifies water from the nearby Tunle Touch river, seals the safe drinking water into 10 and 20-litre bottles and distributes them to households and schools in Preak Changkran commune.
To read the full story, please click HERE.
  Cambodia: Water and Sanitation on a big screen
With support from UNICEF, The NGO ACTED-PSF (Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development-Pharmaciens Sans Frontières), implemented a water, sanitation and hygiene programme. By working closely with local authorities and local populations, the goal of this programme was to increase access to safe drinking water, and to improve hygiene and sanitation behaviour in the community. Hygiene and sanitation training was delivered to over 16,000 households, who also received water purification tablets. Over 300 ceramic water filters were delivered to schools and health centres and more than over 350 flood-contaminated wells in villages were purified.
To watch the video, please click HERE.
  Bouncing back: children recover from the floods
Thirteen-year old Loinh Chantou attends Preak Cham School in Prey Veng Province, Cambodia. In September 2011, both her school and home were engulfed in the worst floods to strike Cambodia in a decade. Three-quarters of the country were affected. This is her story of the events that occurred.
To read the full story, please click HERE.

Global Reports/UNICEF Collaborations

  World Bank Infographic: Natural disasters in East Asia Pacific - A Region at Risk
 The Infographic highlights the danger of disasters specifically for the East Asia Pacific region. Statistics include that 40% of all floods worldwide happened in East Asia between 1980 and 2011, and that if steps in disaster preparedness are not taken; a major disaster could cost Cambodia 18% of total Public Funds.
To access the complete Infographic, please click HERE.
  World Disasters Report 2012
This year’s World Disasters Report focuses on forced migration and on the people forcibly displaced by conflict, political upheaval, violence, disasters, climate change and development projects, whose numbers are increasing inexorably each year. The number of people affected by forced migration in Cambodia alone is 1,640,023. The enormous human costs of forced migration – destroyed homes and livelihoods, increased vulnerability, disempowered communities, and collapsed social networks and common bonds – demand urgent and decisive action by both humanitarian and development actors.
To download the full report, please click HERE.
  Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)in East Asia and Pacific: Progress, Lessons and Directions
The collaborative analysis conducted by Plan International, Water and Sanitation Program, WaterAid and UNICEF shows the achievements of CLTS. In 2010, some 677 million more people had access to improved drinking water than 20 years ago. Today, 823 million more people now use improved sanitation facilities. In Cambodia and Indonesia, this has created improvement in 2,000-7,300 rural communities.  Myanmar has joined the five mid-term countries in implementing CLTS in 200-850 rural communities since 2008.
To download the full report, please click HERE.

UNICEF Cambodia is committed to creating a discursive environment for the dissemination of knowledge among its partners. If you wish to submit a report or article to be shared with others, we would be happy to receive it.

The information contained in this package does not necessarily reflect the views of UNICEF Cambodia and is meant for general information purposes only. Neither UNICEF Cambodia, nor the Policy, Advocacy and Communication Unit, accept responsibility for errors or omissions.

  For more info, please contact:
Mr. Sanoz Lim,
Senior KM Assistant
Knowledge Management
UNICEF Cambodia Office
No. 11, Street 75, Phnom Penh

To download PDF version, please click HERE.



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