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Knowledge Digest



Knowledge Digest Issue No. 2

In This Issue:
- New and Noteworthy
- Resources and Publications
- Feature Stories
- Global Reports/UNICEF Collaborations                        


   UNICEF Cambodia Representative Rana Flowers says 
“See the child before the disability… Inclusion of 
children with disabilities will benefit Cambodia

© UNICEF Cambodia/2012/Reid

Dear reader,

Welcome to the second Issue of UNICEF Knowledge Digest. The content of this issue focuses on children with disabilities. UNICEF recently launched the State of the World’s Children report, which this year focused on how societies can include children with disabilities.

For many children with disabilities, exclusion begins in the first days of life with their birth going unregistered. If they are poor, they are among the least likely to receive health care or attend school and they are more vulnerable to violence, abuse, exploitation, neglect and negative name-calling.

We must learn to see the child before their disability otherwise it deprives society of all that child has to offer.  When children with disabilities gain, a country is enriched.

Cambodia has been commended for its ratification in December 2012 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. With this in mind, this issue contains a sample of contemporary research and personal stories on the subject produced by UNICEF and other organisations. Read ahead for papers on barriers to education and employment, stories from landmine victims and regional resources on issues facing Cambodia.

Best regards,
The UNICEF Cambodia Team














New and Noteworthy

  The State of the World's Children 2013: Children with Disabilities
The 2013 edition of The State of the World’s Children is dedicated to the situation of children with disabilities. The report examines the barriers – from inaccessible buildings to dismissive attitudes, from invisibility in official statistics to vicious discrimination – that deprive children with disabilities of their rights and keep them from participating fully in society. It also lays out some of the key elements of inclusive societies that respect and protect the rights of children with disabilities, adequately support them and their families, and nurture their abilities – so that they may take advantage of opportunities to flourish and make their contribution to the world.
To download full report, please click HERE.
To download Executive Summary, please click HERE.

Resources and Publications

The following is a sample of Cambodia specific resources on disability. The following reports represent a small selection of the wider pool of resources available on the topic and do not necessarily reflect UNICEF position, priorities or preferences in addressing children with disability.

  Preparing for the Journey: A Cooperative Approach to Service Provision for Children with Intellectual Disabilities in Cambodia
UNICEF Cambodia supported the development of a unique study looking at the situation of children with intellectual disabilities in Cambodia in collaboration with Hagar. Despite having made significant strides toward improving the lives of persons with disabilities, there is still much work to be done within the Cambodian disability sector. While casualties resulting from landmines/ERW continue to decrease, disease and injury have come to represent the cause of more than half of all disabilities in Cambodia. Consistent with the overall population distribution, more than half of Cambodia’s persons with disabilities are under the age of twenty. As such, the coming years are a critical period for the development and implementation of approaches to prevent and programs to address children with disabilities. Children with intellectual disabilities are particularly vulnerable in Cambodia, as they face significant discrimination both within and outside the family and have very few services currently available to them.
To download full report, please click HERE.
  Self Help Groups and Parents/Carers of Children with Disabilities
This research paper is written by The Komar Pikar Foundation in collaboration with interPART and CDMD in 2012. The report looks at Self Help Groups of people with disability in Cambodia, of which there are over 2,500 disability Self Help Groups (SHGs) supported by 16 disability Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) in-country. SHGs are a recognized mechanism for mobilizing people with disabilities and their families at the grass roots level, in particular as a means to make their voices heard a the local, provincial and national levels. The report identifies strengths and weaknesses in current SHGs and their operating environment and makes key recommendations to strengthen SHGs as means of empowering people with disability.
To download full report, please click HERE.
  Identifying Barriers to Employment of Youth with Intellectual Disabilities in Cambodia: determining strategies and service provisions for increasing workforce participation
Aide et Action produced this report which looks at issues around employment and young people with intellectual disabilities in Cambodia. It is becoming increasingly understood that people with disabilities face many challenges regarding employment and tend to be under-employed. Within this context, people with intellectual disabilities are least likely to be employed (World Health Organization, 2011). The purpose of this study was to identify; (1) the barriers to employment faced by young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities, including any gender-based barriers, and (2) an assessment of the supports and accommodations needed to increase opportunities and employment for young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities.
To download full report, please click HERE.
  Child Accident and Injury in Cambodia
Produced by the Alliance for Safe Children  this report presents findings from the Cambodia Accident and Injury Survey (CAIS) ,  - the largest community-based survey on child mortality and morbidity ever conducted in Cambodia. It used 66,576 households containing 323,129 residents of whom 133,322 were children. The households were representative of the entire Cambodian population and the survey was done in February and March 2007. CAIS findings from 2007 remain relevant as injury is a leading killer of Cambodian children and a key contributor to the level of disability in Cambodian society.
To download full report, please click HERE.
  Children and Disability: Resource Bibliography
As an initial step to support knowledge management in the disability sector, UNICEF has compiled a live and detailed bibliography with links to a variety of resources related to people with disabilities with greater focus on children. Issues are categorised into: global, rights based approaches to disability and support for children with disabilities; the perspectives of children with disability and; the issue of disabilities specifically in Cambodia. The resources represent the work of a wide range of actors in the disability sector globally as well as locally in Cambodia.
To access complete bibliography, please click HERE.

Feature Stories

  15 year old adjusts to life after a landmine accident
This story of fifteen year old Ny Thnot describes his vivid memories of the day he lost a limb five years ago from a landmine accident. On a September morning in 2008 while Ny Thnot was herding his family’s cows just 3 kilometres from his home in Battambang, he had taken a moment to play with friends when he noticed that two of the cows were grazing in an area with mine warning signs.
To read full story, please click HERE.
  Creating an inclusive environment in the classroom for children with disabilities
This article discusses the case of Sreng Srey Ma, aged 11. Sreng Srey Ma is from the Lao ethnic minority community and has a physical disability where she shows symptoms of a muscular dystrophy, which affects her movement. She speaks fluent Khmer and Lao and understands a little English. Her dream is to become a famous pop singer like her idol Aok Sokun Kanhna (a famous Cambodian singer). 
To read full story, please click HERE.
  With UNICEF support, young UXO survivor rebuilds his life
This moving story tells the story of a boy rebuilding his life after a landmine accident. “One day,” says Sokheng, “I saw a white object on the ground close to my house. I thought it was a tractor’s spare part and I decided to pick it up and take it to school. During the break I was sitting at a school bench with a couple of my friends and I was very curious and pulled something out of the object. Then there was a blast. The shape and colour were not the same as any landmine or UXOs which I had been shown by teachers when they taught us about mine risk education.”
To read full story, please click HERE.

Global Reports/UNICEF Collaborations

  It’s About Ability: Learning Guide on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
This learning guide is a companion resource to It’s About Ability: An explanation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, developed by UNICEF and the Victor Pineda Foundation. Designed to empower children and young people aged 12–18 to speak out on the convention and become advocates for inclusion in their communities, the learning guide offers lesson plans and suggested activities to be used by young leaders, peer educators, teachers and other educators at the community level.
To download Learning Guide, please click HERE.
  World Report on Disability
About 15% of the world's population lives with some form of disability, of whom 2-4% experience significant difficulties in functioning. The global disability prevalence is higher than previous WHO estimates, which date from the 1970s and suggested a figure of around 10%. This global estimate for disability is on the rise due to population ageing and the rapid spread of chronic diseases, as well as improvements in the methodologies used to measure disability. The first ever WHO/World Bank World report on disability reviews evidence about the situation of people with disabilities around the world. Following chapters on understanding disability and measuring disability, the report contains topic-specific chapters on health; rehabilitation; assistance and support; enabling environments; education; and employment.
To download full report, please click HERE.
  Care for child development: improving the care for young children
7.6 million children under the age of 5 worldwide die each year. More than 25 times that number – over 200 million children – survive, but do not reach their full human potential. As a result, their countries have an estimated 20 per cent loss in adult productivity. Health services, health workers and community providers have an important role in promoting the development of young children.
To access more documents, please click HERE.

WHO and UNICEF encourage discussion and action on early childhood development and disability
Despite being more vulnerable to risks which could harm their development, young children with disabilities are often overlooked in mainstream programmes and services designed to ensure child development. Early Childhood Development and Disability: A discussion paper, jointly produced by WHO and UNICEF, aims to stimulate discussion, planning and action on issues related to disability, early childhood development and related interventions.
To access full report, please click HERE.

UNICEF Cambodia is committed to creating a discursive environment for the dissemination of knowledge among its partners. If you wish to submit a report or article to be shared with others, we would be happy to receive it.

The information contained in this package does not necessarily reflect the views of UNICEF Cambodia and is meant for general information purposes only. The text has not been edited to official publication standards and neither UNICEF Cambodia nor the Policy, Advocacy and Communication Unit accept responsibility for errors or omissions.

  For more info, please contact:
Mr. Sanoz Lim,
Senior KM Assistant
Knowledge Management
UNICEF Cambodia Office
No. 11, Street 75, Phnom Penh

To download PDF version, please click HERE.



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