After a pilot phase in 1996, Cambodia has undertaken the Decentralization and Deconcentration (D&D) reform to transfer the functions and resources for planning and delivering social services from central ministries to sub-national administrations, that is, the province, district and commune levels. The D&D reform provides opportunities for the Government and local authorities to better prioritize and provide social services for vulnerable populations. For women and children, this translates to more resources and better access to social services, social protection and other services that address their needs.
However, the D&D reform process has not yet fully transferred functions and resources to sub-national administrations. Technical and institutional capacities of both national and sub-national administrators need to be strengthened to effectively restructure authority for improved service delivery.
Under the D&D reform, UNICEF works closely with provincial and district administrations to develop child-centred investment plans and budgets with a focus on equity—to benefit the most vulnerable children.
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