Clean water and sanitation
Access to safe drinking water and environmental sanitation is essential to reduce the number of child deaths due to disease, especially diarrhoea. Interventions to improve sanitation and hygiene and access to improved sources of drinking water have a direct impact on the health status of women and children. Studies have shown that using toilets for defecation can reduce the incidence of diarrhoea by 30 per cent.
According to the Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey 2010, only 25 per cent of Cambodia’s rural population have access to sanitation, while only 53 per cent have access to improved sources of drinking water. Furthermore, the Education Management Information System 2009/2010 shows that 66 per cent of primary schools have access to improved sources of drinking water and 79 per cent to improved sanitation facilities.
Commune Councils play an important role in improving the sanitation and hygiene situation and improving water quality in Cambodia. UNICEF works with government at provincial and district levels to ensure that the necessary skills are in place to monitor water quality, sanitation and hygiene in their respective areas, and to ensure that provincial, district and commune representatives are able to use data related to the number of existing drinking water facilities, functioning wells
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