The mission of UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) is to ensure that the rights of each and every child and adolescent are fulfilled, respected and protected. Established in 1946 to help in the reconstruction of countries that had suffered most during the Second World War, UNICEF started to work in other countries four years later. Today, UNICEF is the leading advocate for children’s rights, active in 190 countries through country programmes and National Committees.

UNICEF has been working in Brazil since 1950, in partnership with municipal, state and federal governments, civil society, religious groups, the private sector, the media, and international organizations, including other United Nations agencies, to defend the rights of all Brazilian girls and boys.

UNICEF’s work includes a substantive contribution to development through the articulation, monitoring and evaluation, and promotion of public policies for children and adolescents. UNICEF carries out its role objectively and responsibly, guaranteeing the transparency of its actions and developing its programme based on up-to-date survey data. These data enable UNICEF to carry out an accurate diagnosis and analysis of the current situation of children and adolescents in the country.

UNICEF’s Programme of Cooperation with Brazil (2007–2011)
In the countries in which it operates, UNICEF builds its five-year Programme of Cooperation together with government, civil society, and children and adolescents. UNICEF Country Programmes aim to provide positive, sustainable solutions to the problems faced by children and adolescents in the country, with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) used as a benchmark for UNICEF’s work during the five year period of the Programme.

To establish goals, targets and cooperation priorities with Brazil for the 2007–2011 period, UNICEF set up a highly participative programme involving partners and actors who are relevant to the ‘childhood rights guarantee system’. Due to the vast, continental size of the country, a series of regional meetings were held with the aim of constructing an overview of how children and adolescents live in the different regions of Brazil. The programme fits within the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), which aims to bring synergy and strengthen partnerships and joint programmes undertaken by UNICEF and other United Nations agencies that operate in the country.

During the process of defining solutions for childhood-related problems, the Country Programme goals and objectives for 2007–2011 converged directly with the recommendations expressed in national policy documents designed to positively transform the lives of Brazilian children and adolescents. The partnership between UNICEF and the Brazilian government, with its focus on childhood and adolescence, reflects the commitments of the Millennium Declaration, the MDGs, the ’Pacto Pela Paz’, and the Child Friendly President's Plan of Action.