Child poverty: UNICEF has supported the government in monitoring and measuring child poverty, and mainstreaming child poverty in national and sub-national plans and strategies. In partnership with the Office of the President, UNICEF has conducted a Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis (MODA) that looks at child poverty and poverty in general in the form of multiple deprivations.
The office has conducted dissemination and training activities, and the findings have provided significant inputs to Botswana Poverty Eradication Strategy, the National Development Plan and District/Urban Development Plans. In addition, it has contributed to establish a new conceptualization of poverty in line with the new poverty SDG among the government and other key stakeholders that poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon that goes beyond income or consumption, which is the focus of the current government approach to poverty. This change in poverty conceptualization has the potential to fundamentally change the design of poverty reduction programmes to address non-monetary forms of vulnerability faced by many disadvantaged children and households. UNICEF will work with our key partners to ensure that child poverty is regularly monitored and analyzed, and reflected, in a timely manner, in policies and programmes affecting vulnerable children and their caregivers.
Public finance for children (PF4C): Government budget is an important policy instrument for achieving the rights and interests of children. The Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC) has obliged the governments to make available maximum possible resources for the realization of the rights of children. UNICEF has worked with the government and other key stakeholders in raising the awareness of improving the adequacy, effectiveness, efficiency and equity of public expenditures for children through sensitization and advocacy. UNICEF is currently partnering with the government in child-focused budget analysis and will continue to regularly monitor public expenditure for children to be engaged in evidence-based policy advocacy to make the government budget a better instrument for the realization of the rights of children.
Social protection: UNICEF is actively engaged in the dialogues around social protection to improve the coverage and efficiency of the social protection system for children. The office is providing technical support to the Department of Social Protection within the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development in comprehensively evaluating the Orphan Care Programme to inform better design and implementation of the programme for achieving better results for children. UNICEF is also engaged in the policy dialogues around social protection system strengthening, targeting and evidence generation with the government and other key stakeholders such as the World Bank.