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Representative Note

UNICEF in Botswana



UNICEF in Botswana

UNICEF has been working in Botswana since independence in 1966. While in the early days work focused on specific interventions, such as providing materials for schools, now the Country Office concentrates on working with Government at policy level to improve life for the children in Botswana, particularly vulnerable children and orphans.

 UNICEF works primarily with the Government of Botswana in support of NDP 10, within the framework of the UNITED Nations Development Assistance Framework. It further collaborates with the University of Botswana, Faith-Based Organizations, civil society organizations and NGOs.

While Botswana has made huge strides in developing and supporting her population, particularly in relation to health care, social protection and access to education, much remains to be done:

·      Child poverty is slightly higher than poverty in the population in general (30.4%[1])

·      Malnutrition has increased between 2000 and 2007[2], with 25.9% of under-fives being stunted – this has long-term effects on the child, and in turn on the economy of Botswana

·      Among adolescents (15-24 years) only 43 % have comprehensive and correct knowledge about HIV and AIDS

·      Botswana has some 50,000 orphans, mainly due to HIV/AIDS, with 3% of households being headed by a child[3]

·        8% of primary school aged children do not attend school

·       8.5% of children are involved in child labour

The work of the Country Office is divided into three main programme areas, i.e. Young Child Survival and Development (YCSD); Child and Adolescent Participation and Protection (CAPP); and Advocacy and Planning (A&P) - each focusing on particular challenges children in Botswana face.

[1] CSO, Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2002/03

[2] CSO, Botswana Family Health Survey IV, 2009

[3] UNICEF, Child Labour Study based on Labour Force Survey 2005/06 (to be published)


Young Child Survival and Development

Child and Adolescent Participation and Protection

Advocacy and Planning

Key Successes






Frontiers of Social Protection Brief Number 9: Social Protection in Botswana - a model for Africa?

To read the full brief, go to http://www.wahenga.net/node/2102


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