Media centre

Contact our Communications unit





UNICEF’s position on personal identification number and child rights

Is the right to a personal identification number mentioned in the Convention on the Rights of the Child?

The Convention on the Rights of the Child, states that every “child shall be registered immediately after birth” (Article 7 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child). This right constitutes an underlying determinant for the enjoyment of other rights including the rights to nationality, to access medical services and to social welfare. 

In this same article 7 the Convention also stipulates that “States Parties shall ensure the implementation of these rights in accordance with their national law and their obligations under the relevant international instruments in this field”. As the identification number is inherent component of the right to be registered at birth, we can say that the CRC does require countries to ensure all children are registered at birth availing themselves with a system ensuring for children to enjoy all interconnected and interrelated rights.

Hence in Bosnia and Herzegovina like in any other country, all children shall receive an identification number at the moment of birth free of any fee. The CRC does not specify which system and format to adopt.

What is UNICEF’s position on the recent issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina related to the personal identification number?

UNICEF is concerned that since February 2013 there is not a System in place which enables all children to systematically be assigned an identification number immediately after birth. While a temporary solution was found by the Council of Ministers to solve the issue during a period of six months, a new Law needs to be adopted to enable a permanent solution to the issue.

UNICEF therefore urges Bosnia and Herzegovina to quickly find a permanent solution to ensure all new born children from any part of the country are assigned a personal identification number right after birth. UNICEF calls all government authorities, political parties and decision makers to act and place the best interest of the child above any other considerations, as prescribed by Article 3 of the Convention, and to come up with a permanent solution which meets the country s international obligations, and most of all ensure for all children to fully enjoy their rights without any kind of discrimination.





Stav UNICEF-a o matičnom broju i pravima djeteta


 Email this article

unite for children