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UNICEF Donates New Laboratory to Sarajevo University Clinical Centre

At the Clinic for Nuclear Medicine, University Clinical Center in Sarajevo on February 23 a laboratory to determine the concentration of iodine in urine, was opened as the the first such in the Federation.  The Director General KCUS, Ph.D. Gavrankapetanović Faris attended the opening ceremony, as well as the Head of the Department of Nuclear Medicine Ph.D. Elma Kučukalić-Selimovic, and Ms. Anne Claire Dufay and Selena Bajraktarević from UNICEF. Spectrophotometer and equipment needed to perform the analysis was procured by UNICEF, which has had for a long time an active role in the development in the prevention of iodine deficient disorders.

Iodine deficiency disorder occurs when a reduced synthesis of thyroid hormones causes the lack of iodine in the diet. The iodine deficiency in children causes goitre, reduced thyroid hormone synthesis, delayed physical development and mental retardation, while for adults it causes goiter, hypothyroidism, impaired mental function and reduced fertility. With regard to pregnancy IDD  can cause various disorders such as premature births, increased prenatal mortality, congenital anomalies and mental retardation of varying degrees.
According to literature, thyroid cancer occurs more frequently in areas with iodine deficiency and more malignant forms such as follicular and anaplastic carcinoma, for which we can now have their own observations.
Iodine deficiency is an important public health problem, because the population in conditions of iodine deficiency in full less mentally active which brings its broad implications.



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