The right to preschool education is universally proclaimed by international standards, most notably the Convention of the Rights of the Child. Early childhood education (ECD) can lay the foundation for later success in life in terms of further education, well-being, employability and social integration, especially for children from disadvantaged backgrounds.
Persistent equity gaps hinder ECD in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In Bosnia and Herzegovina the percentage of three- to four-year-old children attending ECD is still extremely low, although in recent years the percentage of five-year-olds attending preschool one year before enrolment in primary school has significantly increased (from 31 percent in 2011 to 54 percent in 2016). However, only 1.5 percent of Roma children and two percent of the poorest children are enrolled in preschool. Furthermore, ethnic divisions persist and access to education remains limited for children with disabilities.