The social fabric within and between communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina remain fragile, not allowing for a durable peace and reconciliation, to settle across the region. An on-going narrative and rhetoric of division, mistrust and fear perpetuated by divided politics and media contribute to low levels of inter-group trust; weak people-to-people cooperation and interrupted, fractured or even negative dialogue. Bosnia and Herzegovina lacks sufficient, structurally embedded, opportunities for cooperation, especially among the youth; there is an overall lack of skills and attitudes that allow for the appreciation of diversity and understanding of others; there is a wide-spread lack of trust toward official structures, institutions and leaders. Trust-building and regional cooperation narratives are seldomly used in any official political platforms, even at the highest levels.
This environment particularly affects the sentiments of young people who (unlike their parents) lack the experience of living in a period of peace progression, stability and tolerance. They have little exposure to positive interaction, dialogue and collaboration with people of different backgrounds. Increasingly, young people opt to migrate out of the country rather than remain and work to build a better future communities.