Preschool Education

Primary School Education

Secondary School Education



The primary goal of the educational reform in BIH can be summarized in two words: quality and modernization. Despite the progress made, creation of an inclusive, non-discriminatory education system is still a challenge for the ongoing education reform. In BIH, separate education systems are based on political and religious/cultural division promoting ethnic separation and distrust. As a result of the complicated administration structure established by the Dayton Peace Agreement, the education system, likewise other social sectors, is governed by 13 ministries, each having its separate legislative and executive roles as well as unbalanced budgets.

Schools in BIH are increasingly becoming the unsafe area for children with the increasing violence amongst children (bullying, money extortion, etc.) in the school and around the school areas.

The Roma community suffers from a legacy of discrimination that has contributed to widespread poverty, unemployment, homelessness and a lack of access to education.  Access of children with physical disability has not been resolved by removing physical barriers to their access to school buildings.

Children with disabilities also continue to suffer from lack of quality mainstream education due to low capacities of schools and teachers to meet the specific requirements for their education. The systems emerging mainstream inclusive education and the system supporting institutions with children with disabilities continue to exist in parallel.

The quality and inclusiveness of education processes as well as improvement of the educational contents to include topics related to healthy lifestyles and children and women’s rights represent a key UNICEF's responsibility in addressing discrimination.





Stories about Child-Friendly Schools

Publication in pdf file is availabile here

Mapping Inclusive Practices in Primary Education in BiH

The pdf version of the report is available here


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